EXAM SUMMARY QUESTIONS


EXAM SUMMARY QUESTIONS


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ENT204FBQ1: Entrepreneurship is derived from the French term................... which means to undertake, to pursue opportunities, to fulfil the needs and wants through innovation and starting businesses.
Answer: Entreprendre

FBQ2: One recent study found that _____ is a core antecedent of entrepreneurship.
Answer: Personality

FBQ3: The entrepreneur must have _____ in business before he/she will be successful
Answer: Interest

FBQ4: Because of the hurdles and obstacles that must be overcome, the entrepreneur must be consistently _____
Answer: Persistent

FBQ5: Many successful entrepreneurs succeeded only after they had __________ several times. 
Answer: Failed

FBQ6: Entrepreneurs know that ___________  are merely opportunities in work clothes.  
Answer: Difficulties

FBQ7: Entrepreneurs are _____ in their abilities and the business concept. 
Answer: Confident

FBQ8: Will it be true to say that members of some ethno-cultural groups typically have a higher rate of business formation and ownership than do others? Yes or No. 
Answer: Yes

FBQ9: Is a cultural factor a determinant for success in business? Yes or No
Answer: No

FBQ10: Entrepreneurship is an _____ concept. 
Answer: Interdisciplinary

FBQ11: Theories pounded by various scholars include: psychological, sociological and.  _____ 
Answer: Economic

FBQ12: The concept of entrepreneurship involves the consideration of a number of ____to enhance living standards and business profits. 
Answer: Opportunities

FBQ13: The entrepreneur is expected to employ _______ planning to assess if the opportunities provided for growth are worthwhile and how they could be successfully exploited 
Answer: Strategic

FBQ14: Strategic planning is an essential part of the concept of entrepreneurship and effective _______helps to ensure successful operation.
Answer: Application

FBQ15: Many companies that are started by entrepreneurs go out of business few years after their establishment. These companies often fail because of poor ____
Answer: Planning

FBQ16: They also may fail because the entrepreneur chooses the wrong business or does not have entrepreneurial. ______ 
Answer: Characteristics

FBQ17:  An entrepreneur can be anyone who has a great ___________ that can ‘be turned into a business reality. 
Answer: Idea

FBQ18: Entrepreneurs also are customers, or _________ 
Answer: Consumers

FBQ19: When thinking about starting a business. You can make a list of the things you like and dislike about similar companies or _____ 
Answer: Products

FBQ20: Successful entrepreneurs are ______. They want to make their own decisions. They also want to do something they enjoy. 
Answer: Independent

FBQ21: ______ Is the idea for independence and the freedom to make decisions.
Answer: Autonomy

FBQ22: Entrepreneurship is not easy. The business may fail. The entrepreneur could lose his or her _______and possible more 
Answer: Investment

FBQ23:  There is no consensus concerning the definition of entrepreneur but most include a ________ to take risks in the pursuit of an opportunity.
Answer: Willingness

FBQ24:  The life of an entrepreneur is one of_____, personal satisfaction, personal sacrifices, and stress. 
Answer: Challenge

FBQ25: The concept of entrepreneurship is understood as a combination of creativity and _____.
Answer: Innovation

FBQ26: New venture creation is fraught with risk and financing of such ventures is referred to as risk._______ 
Answer: Capital

FBQ27: McClelland “ascribes the inculcation of the achievement motive to____ rearing practices which stress standard of excellence, maternal warmth, self-reliance training and a low father dominance”.   .
Answer: Child

FBQ28: McClelland (1961) revised his theory as a result of criticism and conceded that “it is the ideology and values that shape the modes of family _______ which in turn develop in entrepreneurial behaviour". 
Answer: Socialization

FBQ29: Quality is an abstract construct used to measure services and products. True or False.
Answer: True

FBQ30: Entrepreneurs are seen as those with high need for achievement (N-arch), calculated risk takers as well as those with________  locus of control. 
Answer: Internal

FBQ31: The accurate description of Weber’s paradigm might be the _______ and the spirit protestant ethic..
Answer: Development ethics

FBQ32: Max Weber argued that charismatic leader is constrained neither by _______  nor law and that his/her appeal is the very fact he/she undertakes to break the constraints imposed by established customs and roles in order to bring change. 
Answer: Tradition

FBQ33: _______ conceded that in capitalist exchange economies, the influence or charismatic leadership is somewhat constrained as change is due to activities of enterprises and their pursuit of profit in the market..
Answer: Weber

FBQ34: According to Weber _______ become noted for their moralistic dedication to work and their willingness to deny immediate gratification in order to invest effort and wealth in the long term improvement of their worldly condition.
Answer: Calvinists

FBQ35: ____elaborated behaviouristic model explains that behavioural patterns are determined by reinforcing and aversive stimuli present in the societal context, such rewards and punishments not being limited to the child-rearing period entrepreneurial behaviour.
Answer: Kunkel

MCQ1: ................. is not among the mainstream factors of productions
Answer: Market 

MCQ2: Richard Cantillon, a French economist, was credited with giving the concept of entrepreneurship a central role in................
Answer: Economy

MCQ3: A critical point in Cantillon’s argument was that entrepreneurs consciously make decisions about resource..................
Answer: Allocation 

MCQ4: Adam Smith spoke of the word ................ in his 1776 Wealth of Nations as an individual who undertook the formation of an organization for commercial purposes.
Answer: Enterprise

MCQ5: Schumpeter described entrepreneurship as a force of....................
Answer: Creative destruction

MCQ6: Approaches to organisational effectiveness are the following except..........
Answer: Lost approach

MCQ7: According to Quinn (1980), the approach to strategic change is characterized a process of artfully blending ‘formal analysis, behavioural techniques and......................... 
Answer: Power politics

MCQ8: A tactic commonly used when a company’s management feels the pressure of competitors using aggressive pricing is to reduce............ to the lowest possible levels.
Answer: Cost 

MCQ9: Many entrepreneurs have tried to focus on profit maximisation. ................... is an instrument of sustained and enduring success in business ventures.
Answer: Team work

MCQ10: A .......................is a schematic representation of a process. The process chart was first introduced by Frank Gilbeth in 1921. He employed it to show a graphical and structured method of documenting process.
Answer: Flow chart

MCQ11: The word histogram is derived from............. word “histos anything set upright” (as the masts of ship); grammar, drawing, record and writing.
Answer: Greek

MCQ12: ...................are usual displays of data in which the right of the bars is used to show the relative size of the quality measured.
Answer: Bar charts

MCQ13: ....................can be used in conjunction with the cause and effect tool. It is a group technique used to generate a large number of ideas quickly and may be used in a variety of situations.
Answer: Brainstorming

MCQ14: Brainstorming can be used for the following except.................
Answer: Separating management

MCQ15: .....................is defined as the continual and collaborative discipline of measuring and comparing the results of key work process with those of the best performers in evaluating organizational performance.
Answer: Benchmarking

MCQ16: ................study performance about common and special causes of variation.
Answer: Control Charts

MCQ17: ..................Study trend and predict behavior.
Answer: Scatter Diagrams

MCQ18: Establishing quality improvement tools and.................. helps to create an attitude and maintain culture of quality.
Answer: Techniques

MCQ19: Using quality tools and techniques are necessary to achieve .......... satisfaction.
Answer: Customer

MCQ20: The..............of tools according to Andersen (2008).include, Difficulty in application of the tools, accuracy of the methodology.
Answer: Limitations

MCQ21: Quality improvement tools and techniques are central to continuous quality improvement in an...................
Answer: Organization

MCQ22: A business firm can perform effectively only through interactions with the  broader .............environment on which it is part.
Answer: External 

MCQ23: ...............change takes place within the context of the external competitive economic and social environment, and the organization’s internal resources, capabilities, culture, structure and systems.
Answer: Strategic

MCQ24: .......................relates to new systems, procedures, structures or technology which will have an immediate effect on working arrangements within the organization.
Answer: Operational change

MCQ25: The coming of technology has transformed the market place to .................
Answer: Market space

MCQ26: For many entrepreneurs the relationship with the customer is a .............one and that means the first to learn of changes in preferences that will affect the market.
Answer: Personal 

MCQ27: Large companies spend considerable amounts of money and energy to learn from the........................... 
Answer: Customer 

MCQ28: The entrepreneurial spirit can also be rediscovered by keeping the.............. business and starting a second one.
Answer: Larger 

MCQ29: As business grows, the skills required of the................... also changes.
Answer: Entrepreneur 

MCQ30: An understanding of the nature of teams is vital if the entrepreneur is to influence the ............of people in the work situation
Answer: Behaviour 

MCQ31: ............. advanced the theory of protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism.
Answer: Weber

MCQ32: The entrepreneur in this ever-changing business environment must be aware of the impact of teams and their effects on firm...................
Answer: Performance 

MCQ33: .Team is an.................. of sustained and enduring success in business ventures.
Answer: Instrument 

MCQ34: Work team offers the potential and prospect for positive............ and development in the area of entrepreneurial development..
Answer: Growth 

MCQ35: Now, as more knowledgeable employees get employed in government agencies on both moral and intellectual grounds, it becomes expedient for more people to have a say in....................
Answer: Management 

NSC202

Question MCQ1 : The primary tastes in humans include all of the following except

Answer: None of the options

Question MCQ2 : The largest number of taste buds are found in which papillae?

Answer: Circumvallate

Question MCQ3 : Adult humans have a maximum of about how many taste buds?

Answer: 10000

Question MCQ4 : Taste buds consists of the following cells except 

Answer: Papillae

Question MCQ5 : Concerning human smell sensation, which of the following statement is false? 

Answer: Highly developed in humans compared to lower animals

Question MCQ6 : Which type of neurons within the olfactory epithelium 

Answer: Bipolar 

Question MCQ7 : Influx of ions into olfactory hairs is triggered by the activation of

Answer: G-protein

Question MCQ8 : Olfactory nerves are formed by 

Answer: Axons of olfactory neurons

Question MCQ9 : Apart from olfactory cortex, olfactory tracts terminate in what other region of the

brain

Answer: Amygdala

Question MCQ10 : Which of these statements is true concerning olfactory mucus?

Answer: All of the options

Question MCQ11 : The external ear is separated from the middle ear by 

Answer: Tympanic membrane

Question MCQ12 : The part of external ear outside the head is called

Answer: Auricle

Question MCQ13 : The auditory ossicles are

Answer: malleus, incus, and stapes

Question MCQ14 : The muscles of the middle ear are 

Answer: Tensor tympani and stapedius

Question MCQ15 : The stapedius muscle is innervated by which nerve?

Answer: Facial

Question MCQ16 : The tube opening into the pharynx from the middle ear is called 

Answer: All of the options

Question MCQ17 : The regions of the bony labyrinth include all of the following except

Answer: Tympani

Question MCQ18 : Which of the fluids in the inner ear is similar to cerebrospinal fluid?

Answer: Perilymph

Question MCQ19 : The structure of cochlea gives a resemblance to

Answer: Snail

Question MCQ20 : Which part of cranial nerve VIII is responsible for balancing?

Answer: Vestibular

Question MCQ21 : Arrange the layers of the eye from superficial to deep

Answer: Fibrous layer, vascular layer, retina

Question MCQ22 : The bony labyrinth is filled with which fluid?

Answer: Perilymph 

Question MCQ23 : The embryonic beginning of the brain and spinal cord is the neural

Answer: Tube

Question MCQ24 : One of these houses the spiral organ

Answer: Cochlear duct 

Question MCQ25 : The initial 3 brain vesicles formed at 4th week include all except 

Answer: Metencephalon

Question MCQ26 : Connective tissue fibres found in the sclera are

Answer: Collagen and elastic

Question MCQ27 : The part of embryonic brain that forms the cerebral cortex is 

Answer: Telencephalon 

Question MCQ28 : Concerning the aqueous humour, which is true 

Answer: Keeps the eyeball inflated

Question MCQ29 : The inner surface of cornea is covered by 

Answer: Simple squamous epithelium

Question MCQ30 : Spinal bifida is a failure of closure of the

Answer: Neural tube

Question MCQ31 : The Rhombencephalon give rise to which of these regions

Answer: Medulla

Question MCQ32 : Orbicularis oculi is responsible for

Answer: Closing eyes

Question MCQ33 : Concerning the lens, which of these is false

Answer: It is transparent

Question MCQ34 : The most obvious features of the cerebrum are

Answer: Gyri and Sulci

Question MCQ35 : The pituitary gland is divided into how many lobes

Answer: 2

Question MCQ36 : The 3 main sulci dividing the brain into lobes include all except 

Answer: Medial

Question MCQ37 : The two hemispheres of the brain are connected by 

Answer: Corpus callosum

Question MCQ38 : Which type of epithelia lines the follicles of the thyroid gland

Answer: Simple cuboidal

Question MCQ39 : The bone which houses the pituitary glanda.b.c.d. 

Answer: Sphenoid bone

Question MCQ40 : Histologically, the cerebral cortex is arranged in how many layers

Answer: 6

Question MCQ41 : The pituitary gland is connected to the what part of the brain?

Answer: Hypothalamus

Question MCQ42 : The brain stem in humans include the following except. 

Answer: Cerebellum

Question MCQ43 : Which of this part of the midbrain is particularly implicated in Parkinson’s

disease? 

Answer: Substantia nigra

Question MCQ44 : Which brain ventricles is housed within the cerebral hemispheres?

Answer: Lateral

Question MCQ45 : The lateral ventricles in the cerebrum are connected to the third ventricle in the

diencephalon by 

Answer: Interventricular foramina

Question MCQ46 : Approximately 80% of the hormone released from the adrenal medulla is 

Answer: Adrenaline

Question MCQ47 : One of these is not a layer of the adrenal cortex 

Answer: Zona basale

Question MCQ48 : Which of these does not partake in the cerebral arterial circle of Willis? 

Answer: Basilar artery

Question MCQ49 : Photoreceptors are mostly concentrated in what part of the retina

Answer: Fovea

Question MCQ50 : A defect in which the cornea or lens is not uniformly curved and the image is not

sharply focused is called

Answer: Astigmatism

Question FBQ51 : Taste is mainly a function of the taste _____ in the mouth.

Answer: Buds

Question FBQ52 : Substances called _____ dissolve in saliva, enter the taste pores, and by various

mechanisms cause the taste cells to depolarize.

Answer: Tastants

Question FBQ53 : Many of the sensations thought of as being taste are strongly influenced by _____

sensations

Answer: Olfactory

Question FBQ54 : Beyond the age of _____ years, many taste buds degenerate, causing taste sensitivity

to decrease in old age

Answer: 45

Question FBQ55 : Each taste cell has several microvilli, called _____.

Answer: Taste hairs

Question FBQ56 : Airborne odorants become dissolved in the mucus on the surface of the epithelium

and bind to molecules on the membranes of the olfactory hairs called olfactory Â-Â-_____.

Answer: Receptors

Question FBQ57 : The olfactory cortex is part of the _____, projecting to the hypothalamus, amygdala,

and hippocampus of the cerebrum

Answer: Limbic system

Question FBQ58 : _____ is partial loss of smell or decreased sensation of smell.

Answer: Hyposmia

Question FBQ59 : The membranous labyrinth is filled with a clear fluid called _____

Answer: Endolymph

Question FBQ60 : In the inner ear, the hair cells consist of numerous microvilli, called stereocilia, and

one cilium, called a _____.

Answer: Kinocilium

Question FBQ61 : The eye consists of the eyeball, or globe of the eye, and the ____ nerve.

Answer: Optic

Question FBQ62 : The _____ is avascular and transparent, permitting light to enter the eye

Answer: Cornea

Question FBQ63 : The iris regulates the amount of light by controlling the size of the _____.

Answer: Pupil

Question FBQ64 : The sphincter papillae are innervated by _____ fibers from the oculomotor nerve (III).

Answer: Parasympathetic

Question FBQ65 : _____ is an abnormal increase in intraocular pressure that results when the rate of

production of aqueous humor exceeds its rate of removal

Answer: Glaucoma

Question FBQ66 : The _____ ligaments connect the lens capsule to the ciliary body

Answer: Suspensory

Question FBQ67 : The lens is part of the _____ system of the eye.

Answer: Focusing

Question FBQ68 : The most common type of gigantism, pituitary gigantism, results from excess

secretion of _____.

Answer: Growth hormone

Question FBQ69 : The parathyroid glands are usually embedded in the _____ part of each lobe of the

thyroid gland.

Answer: Posterior

Question FBQ70 : A spinal _____ is the removal of CSF from the subarachnoid space.

Answer: Tap

Question FBQ71 : The_____ is in overall control of the autonomic nervous system.

Answer: Hypothalamus

Question FBQ72 : _____ (stretch receptors) in the walls of large arteries near the heart detect changes

in blood pressure

Answer: Baroreceptors

Question FBQ73 : Cholinergic receptors are receptors to which _____ binds

Answer: Acetylcholine

Question FBQ74 : the parasympathetic division of the ANS is sometimes called the _____ division

Answer: Craniosacral

Question FBQ75 : Damage to the median nerve occurs most commonly where it enters the wrist

through the _____

Answer: Carpal tunnel

Question FBQ76 : The term funny bone or crazy bone is associated with the _____ nerve

Answer: Ulnar

Question FBQ77 : Wrist drop is major due to a damage to the _____ nerve

Answer: Radial

Question FBQ78 : The largest peripheral nerve in the human body is the _____ nerve

Answer: Sciatic

Question FBQ79 : The phrenic nerve is involved in breathing due to its innervation of the _____ 

Answer: Diaphragm

Question FBQ80 : The brachial plexus originates from spinal nerves C5 to _____.

Answer: T1

Question FBQ81 : A _____ is the area of skin supplied with sensory innervation by a pair of spinal

nerves.

Answer: Dermatome

Question FBQ82 : The nerve supply to the upper limbs originate from _____ plexus

Answer: Brachial

Question FBQ83 : There are _____ pairs of spinal nerve

Answer: 31

Question FBQ84 : The trigeminal nerve (V) has three branches; ophthalmic, _____, and mandibular

Answer: Maxillary

Question FBQ85 : The main blood supply to the CNS include the _____, vertebral and basilar systems of

arteries

Answer: Internal carotid

Question FBQ86 : ______ is a condition that results from partial or complete block of ventricles of the

brain

Answer: Hydrocephalus

Question FBQ87 : The neuroepithelial cells lining the neural tube are of simple _____ type

Answer: Columnar

Question FBQ88 : ____ is the caudal portion of the rhombencephalon

Answer: Myelencephalon

Question FBQ89 : During brain development, nerves of the branchial arches become the _____ nerves

Answer: Cranial

Question FBQ90 : The thymus produces _____, which is involved in the development of the immune

system

Answer: Thymosin

Question FBQ91 : The kidneys secrete a hormone in response to reduced oxygen levels in the kidney.

The hormone is called _____.

Answer: Erythropoietin

Question FBQ92 : _____ is sometimes called the “hormone of darkness†because its production

increases in the dark

Answer: Melatonin

Question FBQ93 : The exocrine gland of the pancreas secretes _____ enzymes

Answer: Digestive

Question FBQ94 : _____ is a chronic enlargement of the thyroid gland not due to a tumor

Answer: Goitre

Question FBQ95 : Lack of _____ in the diet can result in decreased thyroid hormone levels

Answer: Iodine

Question FBQ96 : The posterior lobe of pituitary gland is also called _____.

Answer: Neurohypophysis

Question FBQ97 : In the retina, _____ cells in the inner plexiform layer synapse with bipolar and

ganglion cells

Answer: Amacrine

Question FBQ98 : The _____ are moveable folds covering the anterior surface of the eye when closed

Answer: Eyelids

Question FBQ99 : The organs of hearing and balance are divided into three parts: the external, _____,

and inner ear

Answer: Middle

Question FBQ100 : _____, is a complete loss of smell.

Answer: Anosmia



NSC206FBQ1: Insects or other arthropods that carry disease-causing microorganisms are referred to as _______       
Answer: Vectors

FBQ2: _______________ is renewable water source.
Answer: Fresh water

FBQ3: The Nuclear power accident that occurred in Fukushima (Japan) took place in___________
Answer: 2011

FBQ4: According to the World Health Organization, __________talks about human health that includes quality of life that are determined by interactions with physical, biological and social factors in the environment
Answer: Environmental health

FBQ5: The 2002 World Health Report indicated that __________% of global disease burden is due to inadequate water and sanitation.
Answer: 5.5

FBQ6: In most African cities, between 50 to ----%  of the population live in grossly inadequate housing conditions
Answer: 75

FBQ7: The food borne pathogens campylobacter jejuni usually cause disease known as_________
Answer: Vibrionic enteritis

FBQ8: Size-building should occupy a maximum of _________% of the plot size for high density area.
Answer: 50

FBQ9: The food borne pathogens Listeria moncytogene  usually cause disease known as_________
Answer: Listeriosis

FBQ10: The disease Shigellosis is caused by pathogenic bacteria known as___________
Answer: Shigella

FBQ11: The ozone layer protects the earth from excessive_____________ radiation
Answer: Ultraviolet

FBQ12: The largest portion of atmospheric gases by weight is_____________
Answer: Nitrogen

FBQ13: _________ cleanses itself of some air pollutants in a few hours or days 
Answer: Troposphere

FBQ14: Safe water should be located within a distance of ____________metres from the household residence.
Answer: 100

FBQ15: Water is usually disinfected by using_______________
Answer: Chlorine

FBQ16: The Clean Air Act Amendments of _______ gave the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) the authority to establish and enforce air pollution standards.
Answer: 1970

FBQ17: A UN Conference on Climate Change was held in_______, in 1997
Answer: Kyoto

FBQ18: On sanitation, Nigeria is________ highest in hierarchy in Open Defecation practice.
Answer: 5th

FBQ19: The insecticide DDT was first discovered in_________.
Answer: 1940

FBQ20: The vector for loasis disease is the ____________.
Answer: Chrysops

FBQ21: The Culex sp. mosquitoes are responsible for the spread of_________
Answer: Lymphatic filariasis

FBQ22: World Health Organization in the year_________ classified waste substances as comprising of solid waste, liquid waste and, gaseous waste
Answer: 1990

FBQ23: ______________include refuse from households, non-hazardous solid waste from industrial, commercial and institutional establishments (including hospitals), market waste, yard waste, and street sweepings.
Answer: Municipal solid waste

FBQ24: Plague disease is transmitted by__________
Answer: Flea

FBQ25: __________can be defined as useless, unwanted or discarded materials that arise from mans’ activities.  
Answer: Solid waste

FBQ26: Mites belong to the order _________.
Answer: Arachnida

FBQ27: In addition to spreading epidemic typhus, Tick also causes _________. 
Answer: relapsing fever

FBQ28: Cyclops belongs to the order _________.
Answer: Crustacea

FBQ29: Malaria disease is transmitted by__________
Answer: Anopheles mosquito

FBQ30: Yellow fever disease is transmitted by____________
Answer: Aedes mosquito

FBQ31: Trypanosomiasis disease is transmitted by_____________
Answer: Glossina

FBQ32: Leishmaniasis disease is transmitted by_____________________
Answer: Phlebotomus

FBQ33: The vector for scabies disease is the ____________.
Answer: Mite

FBQ34: The vector for Enteric infections is the ____________. 
Answer: Housefly

FBQ35: The Environmental ____________Agency has classified Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS)   as a Class A carcinogen.
Answer: Protection

MCQ1:  Insects or other arthropods that carry disease-causing microorganisms are referred to as 
Answer:  vectors

MCQ2:  Which of the following is renewable water source?
Answer: Fresh water

MCQ3: Water shortages can lead to:
Answer:  Poverty and soil degradation.

MCQ4: Which of the following is not a source of energy?
Answer: Water vapour

MCQ5: Nuclear Power can cause damage to the environment because
Answer: High-level radioactive waste

MCQ6: The Nuclear power accident that occurred in Fukushima (Japan) took place in
Answer: March 2011

MCQ7: Which of the following is TRUE regarding biological hazards? 
Answer: Living organisms or their products that are harmful to humans

MCQ8: According to the World Health Organization, __________talks about  human health that includes quality of life that are determined by interactions with physical, biological and social factors in the environment
Answer: Environmental health

MCQ9: The control of factors in the environment that exercises, or may exercise harmful effect on the physical development, health and survival of humans is:
Answer: Environmental sanitation

MCQ10: The 2002 World Health Report indicated that __________of global disease burden is due to inadequate water and sanitation.
Answer: 5.5%

MCQ11: One of the principles of healthy housing which is protection against communicable diseases can be achieved through the following except:
Answer: Sanitizing lotions only

MCQ12: In most African cities, between _____________  of the population live in grossly inadequate housing conditions.
Answer: 50-75%

MCQ13:  _________ often consumes the largest portion of the freshwater supply.
Answer: agriculture

MCQ14: Which of the following are types of pollutants found in groundwater? 
Answer: all of the options

MCQ15: Which of the following inorganic compounds is NOT of particular health concern in the water system? 
Answer: Iron

MCQ16: The main steps of water treatment include which of the following?
Answer: All of the options

MCQ17: Which of the following is NOT normally used for water disinfection?
Answer: evaporation

MCQ18: Primary treatment of wastewater is largely a _________ process.
Answer: mechanical

MCQ19: Which of the following is not a primary pollutant?
Answer: ozone

MCQ20: Particulates may cause which of the following health hazards to humans:
Answer: respiratory distress

MCQ21:  _____ may be the primary health problem when a person's bronchial tubes respond to allergens, pollution, etc. resulting in hyperactive airways.
Answer: asthma

MCQ22: Which is a potential source of indoor air pollution?
Answer: all of the options

MCQ23: Biological contaminants are most likely aggravated by what problem?
Answer: moisture

MCQ24: Which of the following is a practice used to reduce and manage MSW?
Answer: all of the options

MCQ25: Which of the following is not a method for the disposal of hazardous wastes?
Answer: ISV

MCQ26: Secure landfills require all but one of the following:
Answer: single liners

MCQ27: One of the most effective forms of hazardous waste disposal may be:
Answer: incineration

MCQ28: What is the most common form of waste management in the Nigeria today?
Answer: combustion

MCQ29:  Landfills have historically been sources of all but one of the following:
Answer: producers of propane gas

MCQ30: Whenever a person uses his/her property to cause material injury or annoyance to a neighbor, these actions constitute a ________________?
Answer: Nuisance

MCQ31: Which of the following chemicals is most associated with systemic disease involving the central nervous system, the gastrointestinal system and the blood forming tissues?
Answer: lead

MCQ32: How many homologous pairs of chromosomes are there in human nucleus?
Answer: 23

MCQ33: Which of the following sites in the respiratory system is the most likely place for the carbon dioxide and oxygen to exchange in the blood?
Answer: alveoli

MCQ34: What is the major organ responsible for detoxification in the body?
Answer: liver

MCQ35: Which kind of cells are the primary targets of the AIDS virus?
Answer: helper T-cells (eg. CD4)

NSC210MCQ1: The idea of applying the scientific method to the social world is known as --------
Answer: Auguste Comte

MCQ2: From the Greek word, “LOGOS” means -------------
Answer: Study on 

MCQ3: From the Latin word, “SOCIUS” means ---------- 
Answer: Being with another 

MCQ4: Herbert Spencer (1820-1903) is sometimes called ----------
Answer: The 1st founder of sociology 

MCQ5: Societies evolve from lower means ----------------
Answer: Barbarian 

MCQ6: Societies evolve to higher means -------------
Answer: Barbarian 

MCQ7: Who view the evolution of societies as social Darwinism? 
Answer: Karl Marx

MCQ8: Who got sociology recognized as a separate academic discipline? 
Answer: Spencer 

MCQ9: One of the most influential sociologists is -------------
Answer: Weber 

MCQ10: Who is the pioneer of sociology?
Answer: Karl Marx 

MCQ11: The word  sociology is a combination of -----------
Answer: Latin only 

MCQ12: The word “LOGY” means ------------
Answer: Study of life 

MCQ13: The word “SOCIO” means ----------
Answer: Society 

MCQ14: When did Auguste Comte coin the term “Sociology”?
Answer: 1898-1957

MCQ15: Who summed up in his famous phrase: “To know, To Predict and to control” ---------
Answer: Karl Marx

MCQ16: How many approaches are involved in mapping out the subject matter of sociology?
Answer: Five 

MCQ17: All are the founding fathers of sociology EXCEPT -----------------
Answer: Auguste Comte and Positivism 

MCQ18: Who urged sociologists to get back to social reform in 1956 ----------------
Answer: C. Wright Mills 

MCQ19: How many major orthodox view of the goals and tactics of the natural sciences -------
Answer: Four 

MCQ20: How many generalization are in social science in general and sociology in particular?  
Answer: Seven 

MCQ21: Social sciences as natural sciences have how many important reasons --------
Answer: Five 

MCQ22: How many views offered by scientific explanation -------------
Answer: Six 

MCQ23: Identify the third level of analysis in sociology -----------
Answer: The group level 

MCQ24: Social interaction has how many zones --------------
Answer: Two 

MCQ25: How many forms of accommodation do we have as an adjustment in social processes?
Answer: Eight 

MCQ26: How many types of social movements do we have?
Answer: Four 

MCQ27: How many stages are in the development of social movements?
Answer: Five 

MCQ28: All are levels of social organization EXCEPT ----------
Answer: Interpersonal relationship 

MCQ29: Which level are sociologists particularly concerned with in social organization ---------
Answer: First level 

MCQ30: Which of the levels in social organization has to do with father to son, teacher to student?
Answer: Fourth level 

MCQ31: The fundamental elements of social organization are ---------
Answer: Norms

MCQ32: Statuses that are not attained through any individual effort or merit are called -------
Answer: Ascribed status 

MCQ33: Statuses that attained through individual effort are called --------
Answer: Ascribed status 

MCQ34: Ascribed statuses are involuntary and depend on -----------
Answer: Age 

MCQ35: The statuses of husband and wife are example of ---------------
Answer: Ascribed status 

MCQ36: A role that often follows a change of status is called ---------------
Answer: Role performance 

MCQ37: Sociological classification of groups are -------------
Answer: Eight groups 

MCQ38: The group that members engage in intimate interaction and cooperation is -------
Answer: In-group

MCQ39: Relatively small group size is a characteristics of which group ---------------
Answer: Primary group 

MCQ40: The group that tend to be large and to exist for a short period of time is ----------
Answer: Voluntary group 

MCQ41: The group that has formal interaction is ----------------
Answer: Primary group 

MCQ42: The group that members have feelings of “we”, “us”, “our” is -----------
Answer: Voluntary group 

MCQ43: A group that an individual aspires to belong and pattern his behavior is --------
Answer: Reference group 

MCQ44: A formal or informal organization to which an individual belongs is ----------
Answer: Reference group 

MCQ45: Where an individual cannot choose the family, state, town to which there were born is -------------
Answer: Voluntary group 

MCQ46: Groups to which individuals freely join are called ---------
Answer: Reference groups 

MCQ47: A sanction that expresses approval for following a norm is ---------
Answer: Negative sanction 

MCQ48: A sanction that reflects disapproval from breaking a norm is -----------
Answer: Positive sanction 

MCQ49: Monetary reward is an example of what sanction ------------
Answer: Non-positive 

MCQ50: A fine is an example of what type of sanction --------------
Answer: Negative 

Fill in the Blank (FBQs): 
FBQ1: The term “sanction” refer to positive and negative reactions. True or False
Answer: *True*

FBQ2: A positive sanction expresses approval for following a norm. True or False 
Answer: *True*

FBQ3: A negative sanction reflects disapproval from breaking a normal. True or False
Answer: *True*

FBQ4: Norms that are not strictly enforced are called ----------
Answer: *Folkways*

FBQ5: Men’s folkways may be women’s mores. True or False 
Answer: *True*

FBQ6: When people speak of culture they usually think of the --------------
Answer: *Higher things in life*

FBQ7: Sociologists call many phenomena  as---------
Answer: *Culture*

FBQ8: The simplest definition of culture was stated by ------------
Answer: *Ralph Linton (1893-1953)*

FBQ9: Culture is the way of life of any 
Answer: *Society*

FBQ10: The complex whole consisting of everything we think, do and have in ------------
Answer: *Social life*

FBQ11: Culture is created by ---------------
Answer: *Human beings*

FBQ12: Human beings make their historic way from ------------- to information 
Answer: *Stone age*

FBQ13: To solve the problems presented by nature, human beings created such ----------
Answer: *Culture trait as dikes*

FBQ14: Material cultures include all -----------
Answer: *artifacts*

FBQ15: Invention therefore is the ultimate source of all ------------
Answer: *Culture trait*

FBQ16: Most times, inventions owe their origin to -------------
Answer: *Mistake*

FBQ17: More often inventions are produced by ------------
Answer: *Creative thinker*

FBQ18: The process whereby men acquire new factual knowledge about empirical reality is -------
Answer: *Discovery*

FBQ19: Discovery furnishes the information which inventors need to achieve
Answer: *New combination*

FBQ20: Not all discoveries have led to -----------
Answer: *Invention*

FBQ21: All inventions have their beginning in
Answer: *Discoveries*

FBQ22: Institutions combine a ------------
Answer: *Concept*

FBQ23: One way to understand social institution is to see how they fulfil ------------
Answer: *Essential function*

FBQ24: Sociologists have identified five major tasks a society must accomplish if it to survive. True or False
Answer: *True*

FBQ25: Each society establishes a set of rules for allocation of financial and other resources. True or False
Answer: *True*

FBQ26: Preserving order and protecting itself from attack is a basic need of each society. True or False  
Answer: *True*

FBQ27: People must not fell motivated to continue as members of a group or society. True or False
Answer: *False*

FBQ28: Patriotism does not assists people in developing and maintaining a sense of purpose. True or False
Answer: *False*

FBQ29: Tribal identities or personal moral codes are especially meaningful as -----------
Answer: *Motivator*

FBQ30: Conflict theorists do not agree with the functioning approach to social institutions. True or False
Answer: *True*

FBQ31: Every society organizes its population to work. True or False
Answer: *True*

FBQ32: Every society does not develop a governing system of power and authority. True or False
Answer: *False*

FBQ33: Institutions provide the cement that holds society together. True or False
Answer: *True*

FBQ34: Institutions tend to maintain stability and -------------
Answer: *Status Quo*

FBQ35: Institutions which develop through rational invention and intention are ---------
Answer: *Enacted institution*

FBQ36: Obviously, forms of marriage are different in different societies. True or False
Answer: *True*

FBQ37: The purpose of marriage is not the same. True or False
Answer: *False*

FBQ38: Monogamy is the union of one man with one women. True or False
Answer: *True*

FBQ39: Polygamy is not plural marriage. True or False
Answer: *False*

FBQ40: Polyandry, the union of one man with several women. True or False
Answer: *False*

FBQ41: Polygyny, the union of one woman with several men. True or False  
Answer: *False*

FBQ42: Group marriage, involving several men with several women. True or False
Answer: *True*

FBQ43: Families in which authority is vested in the oldest living males are called ---------
Answer: *Patriarchal*

FBQ44: In patriarchal families the father holds great power over wife and children. True or False
Answer: *True*

FBQ45: In matriarchal families, the source of authority is the mother. True or False
Answer: *True*

FBQ46: In neolocal arrangements, the married couple lives away from bothsets of parents. True or False
Answer: *True*

FBQ47: The need for affection and companionship appear to be a fundamental human need. True or False
Answer: *True*

FBQ48: A system of beliefs and ritual dealing with the sacred is ---------------
Answer: *Religion*

FBQ49: In a small organization the upper limit is about -------------- numbers
Answer: *30*

FBQ50: In a large organization, the upper limit is about ------ members
Answer: 50,000


CSS133

FBQ1: The violence experienced in ------------ and ------------made Africa a true reflection of Hobbesian state of nature.  

Answer: *Rwanda and Burundi*


FBQ2: The intervention of Nigeria in the resolution of the armed conflicts in  Liberian and Sierra-Leonean could be explained by the __________ security ideology.

Answer: *social constructivism*


FBQ3: A leading NGO which has been championing the need to energize political processes aimed at preventing or solving conflicts and promoting peace and development is ___________

Answer: *Human Security Network*


FBQ4: ______ is the most effective approach to security management because it allows people to deliberate and decide their own security matters 

Answer: *Human security*


FBQ5: _____ is the concept of attaining a secure computing environment by mitigating the vulnerabilities associated

Answer: *Computer security*


FBQ6: ____ can save the nation of the carefree attitude of many public servants, official corruption and absence of security consciousness that characterize the nation’s bureaucracy. 

Answer: *computer security*


FBQ7: The introduction of _______has rendered the traditional means of storing information like paper files moribund as they have gradually been replaced by computers. 

Answer: *Information Communication Technology*


FBQ8: _______ is used to detect, prevent and destroy any malware like computer viruses, worms as well as trojan horses. 

Answer: *Anti-virus software*


FBQ9: ______ involves a technique in which we create password to restrict access to one’s computer.

Answer: *Authentication*


FBQ10: The possibility of a university that has been existing for more than four decades to lose all academic records to fire outbreak emphasizes the importance of ____ ().

Answer: *Backups*


FBQ11: _____ enables us to verify the authenticity of any software loaded on the system, through which we can identify the software certified authentic by the system’s designer.

Answer: *Chain of Trust*


FBQ12: ______techniques are applied basically to reduce the risk of interception or modification of data whenever data are being exchanged between two or more systems.

Answer: *Cryptographic*


FBQ13: ____ is the design artifacts that explain the state of existing security controls or security countermeasures, showing how they relay with the general information technology architecture.

Answer: *security architecture*


FBQ14: ______goes beyond the use of computer to create, modify, delete or store information, hence, its boundary is beyond electronic medium.

Answer: *information security*


FBQ15: The increasing complexity of the modern state and sophisticated nature of contemporary business environment and corporations underscore the importance of ___ 

Answer: *computer security*


FBQ16: _____ means the continual activities that make sure the protection mechanisms are continually maintained and operational. 

Answer: *Due Diligence*


FBQ17: ____ is the measures used to provide physical protection of resources against deliberate and accidental threats. 

Answer: *Physical security*


FBQ18: ____can be described as that aspect of security designed purposely to provide protection for specific infrastructure particularly those considered critical. 

Answer: *Infrastructure security*


FBQ19: ______ refers to the defence, law and treaty enforcement, and counterterrorism activities that fall within the port and maritime domain 

Answer: *seaport security*


FBQ20: The level of sophistication of weapons used in armed robbery operations and banditry in Nigeria in recent times underscores the need to secure ____ 

Answer: *Seaports*


FBQ21: ÂÂÂÂÂ_------ is the reliable availability of a sufficient quantity and quality of nutritious food for a population

Answer: *Food security*


FBQ22: ___ is the act of imitating the behavior of some situation or some process by means of something suitably analogous (especially for the purpose of study).

Answer: *Simulation*


FBQ23: ____ is also known as “high fidelity”

Answer: *Live simulation*


FBQ24: ______often involves the use of computer simulation by the trainees in undergoing training. 

Answer: *Virtual simulation*


FBQ25: ____ simulation affords health care providers an opportunity to examine their capacity to respond to emergency situations.

Answer: *Health care*


FBQ26: ------can be classified as historical, hypothetical, fantasy, or science fiction.

Answer: *War game*


FBQ27: According to Gordon (2000) ___ is anything that threatens the residents of a community or the things they value.

Answer: *Security threat*


FBQ28: _____is an unexpected and hazardous vibration resulting from the sudden shake of the Earth's crust.

Answer: *Earthquake*


FBQ29: ____ is the crime of seizing property through violence or intimidation. 

Answer: *Robbery*


FBQ30: ____can be described to mean a deliberate act of destructively setting another person’s or oneself’s property on fire for specific motives. 

Answer: *Arson*


FBQ31: ______is a form of security threat that can undermine the capacity of an individual to perform his/her duties effectively well.

Answer: *Badger Game*


FBQ32: ____a criminal offence, which occurs when a person unlawfully obtains either money, property or services from a person, entity, or institution, through coercion. 

Answer: *Extortion*


FBQ33: ___usually involves an armed struggle or rebellion aimed to challenge the sovereign power of a constituted authority. 

Answer: *Insurgency*


FBQ34: ___is a form of collective violence interfering with the peace, security, and normal functioning of the community.

Answer: *Civil disorder*


FBQ35: ____ can be described as struggles for control over information activities 

Answer: *Information warfare*


FBQ36: ____ can be defined as the spread of small arms or weapons designed for use by individuals like pistols, assault rifles, sub-machine guns and light machine guns. 

Answer: *Arms proliferation*


FBQ37: _____can also be defined as protracted state of violent, large-scale conflict involving two or more parties 

Answer: *War*


FBQ38: _____ warfare is between two superpowers or powerful countries fighting for political goals. 

Answer: *High intensity*


FBQ39: ____involves well-identified, armed confrontation between parties, for example, the Iraq war. 

Answer: *Conventional war*


FBQ40: Guerrilla warfare is an example of ______ 

Answer: *Unconventional warfare*


FBQ41: _____ can be described as a method of weather modification in form of changing the type of precipitation that falls from the clouds, by dispersing substances into the air that serve as ice nuclei, which alter the microphysical processes within the cloud. 

Answer: *Cloud seeding*


FBQ42: According to Dory 2003, ______is so crucial because it “provides an outlet for individual participation in and contribution to homeland security”

Answer: *Civil security*


FBQ43: Despite the lack of consensus in the conceptual clarification of the term “Security”, one common denominator among scholars is that security is about_____

Answer: *Safety of lives and property*


FBQ44: The school of thought that posits that international security can only be maintained through the use of coercion and deterrence is ___ 

Answer: *Realism*


FBQ45: The security ideology that promotes the idea of nations being their “brothers’ keepers” is __

Answer: *Social constructivism*


FBQ46: Community policing is a very good example of ____ security ideology

Answer: *Human security*


FBQ47: The extension of the scope of security to cover issues of disease, unemployment and hunger is related to ____ security ideology

Answer: *Human*


FBQ48: The traditional AK-47 coercion and deterrence approach which is largely state-centric is typified of ___ security ideology

Answer: *Realism*


FBQ49: The tendency towards a “paperless society” where most vital information and documentations are stored in soft format emphasizes the importance of ____

Answer: *Computer security*


FBQ50: Norton, AVG, Mcafee are all examples of ____

Answer: *Anti-virus software*


Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs): 

MCQ1: Despite the lack of consensus in the conceptual clarification of the term “Security”, one common denominator among scholars is that security is about_____

Answer: Safety of lives and property


MCQ2: The post-cold war era has widened the scope of security to include the following except__

Answer: Civil wars


MCQ3: In the Westphalia epoch, the major threat to any country’s security came from___

Answer: External aggression


MCQ4: The paradigm shift from traditional to non-traditional security issues entails that security threats emanated from the following except__

Answer: Information warfare 


MCQ5: The school of thought that posits that international security can only be maintained through the use of coercion and deterrence is ___ 

Answer: Idealism


MCQ6: Which of the following is NOT a security ideology?

Answer: Social constructivism 


MCQ7: The security ideology that promotes the idea of nations being their “brothers’ keepers” is __

Answer: Realism 


MCQ8: Inter-country collaboration in crime control as typified by Nigeria and Benin Republic led to the arrest of _______ 

Answer: Amani Tijani  


MCQ9: The ideology that posits for a paradigm shift from monopoly to participatory definition of security is ____

Answer: Communalism 


MCQ10: Community policing is a very good example of ____ security ideology

Answer: Realism


MCQ11: The concept of human security entails that security is extended to the following EXCEPT protection against___ 

Answer: Hunger 


MCQ12: The traditional AK-47 coercion and deterrence approach which is largely state-centric is typified of ___ security ideology

Answer: Human security 


MCQ13: The tendency towards a “paperless society” where most vital information and documentations are stored in soft format emphasizes the importance of ____

Answer: Border security 


MCQ14: Which of the following statements underscores the need for security experts to be computer literate?

Answer: The society is moving to paperless transactions


MCQ15: ______advises that internet users not to give their vital information or to close any suspected sites and avoid copying anything from such sites

Answer: Anti-virus software 


MCQ16: Which of the following is NOT an example of various types of anti-virus software in the market today? 

Answer: Norton 


MCQ17: What is the name given to criminals whotry to break into your system to steal, modify or delete some of the files or the whole information contained therein? 

Answer: Robbers 


MCQ18: Mention any two African countries whose experiences have emphasized the importance of security 

Answer: Pupa New Guinea and Liberia 


MCQ19: What is the tool used to prevent any strange or unintended person from comprehending the content of a message? 

Answer: Coding 


MCQ20: Which technique helps to protect your system against any malicious attack or illegal access by hackers and intruders whenever you are online. 

Answer: Encryption 


MCQ21: What is the process by which an organization protects and secures its systems, media, and facilities that process and maintain information vital to its operations?

Answer: Information security 


MCQ22: What do you call a situation whereby confidential information gets into the wrong hands of unauthorized person(s) or system(s)? 

Answer: Stealing 


MCQ23: ________ determines the preparedness of an organization against any threat as it relates its information system

Answer: Preparation 


MCQ24: Which of the following is NOT a classification label used in organisations?

Answer: Welcome 


MCQ25: ____ security involves creating designs that deter malicious entry into a facility.

Answer: Intellectual 


MCQ26: Which of the following is NOT an example of critical infrastructure to be well secured in Nigeria?

Answer: Dam 


MCQ27: Which of the following does not serve as a threat to critical infrastructure in Nigeria?

Answer: Sabotage 


MCQ28: During the 9/11 attacks in the USA, which infrastructure was penetrated by the terrorists?

Answer: Seaport 


MCQ29: In Nigeria, the popular Koko waste disposal in Delta State is an example of ____ infrastructure violation. 

Answer: Seaport 


MCQ30: Which of the following is a fallout of inadequate infrastructure security in Nigeria?

Answer: Corruption


MCQ31: The level of sophistication of weapons used in armed robbery operations and banditry in Nigeria in recent times underscores the need to secure ____ 

Answer: Seaports 


MCQ32: The airport security is very vital for national safety for the following reasons EXCEPT that it is the___  

Answer: Fastest 


MCQ33: Which of the following is NOT a means of securing the airport?

Answer: Screening of passengers 


MCQ34: Which terrorist group claimed responsibility for the 9/11 attacks in the USA?

Answer: Boko Haram 


MCQ35: Which of the following infrastructure in the USA was not a target of the 9/11 terrorists?

Answer: The Pentagon 


MCQ36: Which of the following security agencies are not likely to be found at any airport in Nigeria?

Answer: Immigration 


MCQ37: Which of the following airports has not experienced terrorist attack before?

Answer: Rome 


MCQ38: When did the infamous terrorist attacks in the USA take place?

Answer: 11 September, 2010 


MCQ39: Some of the technological innovations used in securing the airport include the following EXCEPT__ 

Answer: X-ray machines 


MCQ40: ___ security involves safety against pandemics and diseases. 

Answer: Food 


MCQ41: The recent outbreak of ____ disease underscores the importance of health security at the airport and borders of the country.

Answer: Malaria 


MCQ42: The provision of governments for vulnerable citizens such as those who are out of job whereby stipends are provided for them to keep body and soul together is called ___

Answer: Airport security 


MCQ43: The total surrounding or external conditions within which an organism or a community exists is known as ____ 

Answer: Atmosphere 


MCQ44: The process of putting the level of preparedness of security forces to test on how timely and effectively they can respond to any security threats is called ___ 

Answer: War 


MCQ45: _______actually involves the use of real people using simulated tools in a simulated world. 

Answer: Live simulation 


MCQ46: ____ simulation is a process whereby simulated people use simulated tools in a simulated world. 

Answer: Constructive 


MCQ47: Examples of natural threats include the following EXCEPT____

Answer: Earthquakes 


MCQ48: Another name for earthquake is _________

Answer: Earth tremor 


MCQ49: _____ can be an example of both natural and man-made threats.

Answer: Robbery 


MCQ50: Typhoons and Tropical cyclones are other names for ____

Answer: Fire


CIT102

FBQ1: Operating System is the most common type of -------------- software.

Answer: System


FBQ2: A kilobyte also referred to as KB, is equal to -------- bytes (write in numbers)

Answer: 1024


FBQ3: Another term for Main Memory is ---------------?

Answer: RAM


FBQ4: The file extension of MS-Word document of office 2010 is ---------?

Answer: ,docx


FBQ5: One MB is equal to -------- Bytes. (Hint: Write in figures)

Answer: 1024


FBQ6: Internet Explorer is a type of -------------?

Answer: Browser


FBQ7: A collection of 8 bits is called?

Answer: Byte


FBQ8: A list of instructions used by a computer is called --------------

Answer: Program


FBQ9: Memories which can be read only are called ------------

Answer: ROM


FBQ10: USB stands for?

Answer: Universal Serial Bus


FBQ11: ALU stands for?

Answer: Arithmetic Logic Unit


FBQ12: LAN stands for?

Answer: Local Area Network


FBQ13: A wireless technology built in electronic gadgets used for exchanging data over short distances is ---------------

Answer: Bluetooth


FBQ14: ---------- keys are present on the top row of the keyboard.

Answer: Function


FBQ15: ‘www’ stands for 

Answer: World Wide Web


FBQ16: The ------- key in a computer will launch the start button?

Answer: Windows


FBQ17: When sending an e-mail, the -------- line describes the contents of the message.

Answer: Subject


FBQ18: What is the term used for unsolicited e-mail?

Answer: Spam


FBQ19: In the slide layout panel in PowerPoint, how many layouts are available for text layout by default?

Answer: 4


FBQ20: In PowerPoint, which menu can you use to access Picture, Text Box, Chart etc?

Answer: Insert


FBQ21: Software generations refer to the developmental stages of the programming languages. How many software generations are there?

Answer: 5


FBQ22: In order that you may use a PC, the first task you must perform is to switch on (or -----------) the PC.

Answer: Boot


FBQ23: Among the windows elements the ---------- displays the title of the relevant application.

Answer: Title bar


FBQ24: ------------- is a software application that provides an “electronic spreadsheet,” or worksheet environment.

Answer: Excel


FBQ25: Information presented in the form of a table, graph or diagram is known as -------

Answer: Chart


FBQ26: --------------- is an application program used to create presentations. Presentations are delivered to an audience using different media such as slides, overhead transparencies, and automated shows viewed on a computer or broadcast over the Web

Answer: PowerPoint


FBQ27: Graphic images called ----------- are supplied with PowerPoint 

Answer: clip art


FBQ28: When two or more computers are interconnected this is generally referred to as a ------.

Answer: Network


FBQ29: ----------- are underlined or bordered words and graphics that have web addresses (also known as URL – Universal Resource Locator)

Answer: Hyperlinks


FBQ30: A -------------- is the starting point for a web site. It is something like the cover page or the Table of Contents of a book

Answer: home page


FBQ31: ________ is a  café  or  bar  allowing  customers  to explore the World Wide Web whilst having a drink or snack, usually charged per half-hour of usage.

Answer: Cybercafe


FBQ32: A distributed bulletin board system about a particular topic is usually referred to as _____

Answer: Newsgroup


FBQ33: In an electronic mail system, all incoming mail messages are stored in the ----------.

Answer: Inbox


FBQ34: A ------------ is a large expensive electronic machine with the capability of serving the needs of major business enterprises, government departments and scientific research establishments

Answer: Mainframe


FBQ35: The main circuit board of a computer is usually referred to as the ------------.

Answer: Motherboard


MCQ1: The basic architecture of computer was developed by

Answer: John Von Neumann


MCQ2: In order to tell Excel that we are entering a formula in a cell, we must begin with an operator such as 

Answer: =


MCQ3: Fifth generation computers are based on

Answer: Artificial Intelligence


MCQ4: GUI stands for

Answer: Graphical User Interface


MCQ5: Any data or instruction entered into the memory of a computer is considered as

Answer: Input


MCQ6: Which one of the following is NOT an application software package?

Answer: Redhat Linux


MCQ7: Microsoft Word is an example of

Answer: Application software


MCQ8: Graphical pictures that represent an object like file, folder etc. are:

Answer: Icons


MCQ9: The 0 and 1 in the binary numbering system are called Binary Digits or

Answer: Bits


MCQ10: The processor which performs arithmetical and logical operation is called

Answer: ALU


MCQ11: Which was an early mainframe computer?

Answer: ENIAC


MCQ12: Which network protocol is used to send e-mail?

Answer: SMTP


MCQ13: RAM (Random Access Memory) chips

Answer: allow the computer to store data electronically


MCQ14: Super computers are mainly useful for 

Answer: Mathematical intensive scientific applications


MCQ15: The operating system manages

Answer: All of the options


MCQ16: Which of the following items is not used in a Local Area Network (LAN)?

Answer: Modem


MCQ17: Computer Virus is a _____.

Answer: Software


MCQ18: A computer port is used to ?

Answer: Communicate with other computer peripherals


MCQ19: Dot-matrix, Deskjet, Inkjet and LaserJet are all types of which computer peripherals?

Answer: Printers


MCQ20: In a client/server model, a client program --------------------------.

Answer: Asks for information


MCQ21: Which of the following is an example of Operating System?

Answer: Microsoft Windows


MCQ22: General purpose computers are those that can be adopted to countless uses simply by changing its?

Answer: Program


MCQ23: The device primarily used to provide hardcopy is the ?

Answer: Printer


MCQ24: The process of putting data into a storage location is called ?

Answer: Writing


MCQ25: Which of the following is the product of data processing? 

Answer: Information


MCQ26: Which one of the following is an output device?

Answer: Speaker


MCQ27: What language does a browser typically interpret to display information from the World Wide Web?

Answer: HTML


MCQ28: ------ is collection of web pages and ------ is the very first page that we see on opening of a web-stie

Answer: Web-site, Home-page


MCQ29: What menu is selected to cut, copy, and paste?

Answer: Edit


MCQ30: You can use the tab key to 

Answer: Indent a paragraph


MCQ31: Which of the following is an example of connectivity?

Answer: Internet


MCQ32: Changing an existing document is called -------- the document

Answer: Editing


MCQ33: To move to the beginning of a line of text, press the --------- key?

Answer: Home


MCQ34: Office LANs that are spread geographically apart on a large scale can be connected using a corporate ?

Answer: WAN


MCQ35: In Power Point which tab is not available on the left panel when you open a presentation?

Answer: Notes


CSS112


MCQ1: According to functionalists, society is a self-contained system made of interconnected and _______________ parts

Answer: interrelated


MCQ2: ___________ theories proceed from the assumption that consensus  exists in society

Answer: Consensus


MCQ3: In sociology, the two dominant views of law are the consensus/functionalist and the ______________ perspectives.

Answer: Conflict


MCQ4:  Generally, the sociology of law is concerned with the nature of law, its sources and _____________

Answer: Functions


MCQ5: Sociology as an academic course of study emerged in the ____________ century

Answer: Mid-twentieth


MCQ6: In any successful military coup in Nigeria the first casualty is the ___________ which is immediately suspended 

Answer: Constitution


MCQ7: The military struck on 15th January ____________ in a coup d’état 

Answer: 1966


MCQ8: The 1960 independence constitution of Nigeria marked the beginning of-------------- rule

Answer: Civil 


MCQ9: In colonial Nigeria the major sources of procedural laws were the ___________ for criminal procedure

Answer: Criminal Procedure Act


MCQ10: During the colonial period, the major source of law was the ------------ English law 

Answer: received


MCQ11: The Northern and Southern Protectorates of Nigeria were amalgamated ------------------ into one political unit called Nigeria  

Answer: 1914


MCQ12: In  1861 King Dosunmu of Lagos signed a document called the __________ thereby formally ceding Lagos to the British 

Answer: Treaty of Cession


MCQ13: The personnel of the Shariah legal system in the North were learned ______scholars 

Answer: Islamic


MCQ14:  In  pre-colonial Nigeria, the basic source of law in the Islamic part of the North was the Holy________

Answer: Koran(Qur’an)


MCQ15: British colonial adventure began in Nigeria in _________

Answer: 1861


MCQ16:  The first and most seminal definition of law was given by __________ in 1915  

Answer: A.V. Dicey


MCQ17: The assertion , “your right to swing your fist ends where my nose begins” was made popular by ______________

Answer: Lord Dennings


MCQ18: If everyone is allowed to do anything in the name of freedom, society may slide into the _________ state of nature where life is short, nasty and brutish. 

Answer: Hobessian


MCQ19: ______________ freedom is liberty to do what one wants to do within the limits imposed by law

Answer: legal


MCQ20: The ability to do what one wishes to do without restraint is called ____________ 

Answer: Freedom


MCQ21: The requirements that one must hear the other side in a dispute and must not be a judge in his own case are fundamental principles of ________ justice

Answer: Natural 


MCQ22: The element of force is absent in ___________ law

Answer: International


MCQ23: The idea that the state or the government is a product of an agreement between the governor and the governed best qualifies the _________ contract idea

Answer: Social 


MCQ24: The force that is associated with law is that which is characterized by legitimacy and ____________ 

Answer: Authority


MCQ25:  Dishonesty, living in sin, etc, are examples of ________________

Answer: immorality


MCQ26: The notion of what is right or wrong is known as ____________

Answer: Morality 


MCQ27: The most dominant figure in the gafting of the sociological school is ___________

Answer: Roscoe Pound


MCQ28: The argument that law is not unique but only one method of social control is credited to the ____________school of jurisprudence

Answer: Sociological


MCQ29: _________________ is the founding father of the historical school of jurisprudence

Answer: Frederich Savigny


MCQ30: The assertion that law is not just an abstract set of rules but an integral part of society ws espoused by the ______________ school of jurisprudence

Answer: Historical


MCQ31: According to Jeremy Bentham, a critical understanding of law that investigation s are carried into _____________ areas of law

Answer: Eight


MCQ32: The school of jurisprudence which asserts that natural law was unscientific, and dominated by untested and untestable philosophical speculation is the ______________________ school.

Answer: Positivist


MCQ33: The postulation that what is natural is that which is common to all mankind  was made by _____________ 

Answer: Aristotle


MCQ34: The major postulation of natural law theorists is that the good society is one in which laws____________ are harmonized with natural laws. 

Answer: Man-made


MCQ35: In law, man-made laws are called ___________ laws

Answer: Positive


MCQ36: Another name for natural laws is ______________________

Answer: Higher or divine laws


MCQ37: Marxist theorist argue that the manner of ownership of production divides society into two antagonistic classes called the capitalists and the _______________ 

Answer: Working class


MCQ38: Another argument about law that what is needed in society is not law but education is credited to _________________

Answer: Plato


MCQ39: The title of Hobbes’s book published in 1961 is ______________

Answer: The Leviathan


MCQ40: According to ____________________ society without law is a very  inevitable recipe for disaster

Answer: Thomas Hobbes


MCQ41: The assertion that man by nature is evil and the law is needed to keep his evil inclination in check was made by the _______________school of philosophy in China

Answer: “Legist”


MCQ42: Law performs ______________ functions

Answer: Six 


MCQ43: ___________ laws prescribe procedures that must be followed in prosecuting offenders through the criminal justice system

Answer: Procedural


MCQ44: The staff strength of OSL company is 

Answer: 3000 guards


MCQ45: The law governing conduct which is not punishable by the state is known as __________________ law

Answer: Civil 


MCQ46: In law, those aspects of law dealing with offences that are punishable by the state fall under _____________ law

Answer: criminal


MCQ47: Law is classified into three major divisions: criminal and civil law; public and private law and ____________ and ______________

Answer: Substantive/procedural


MCQ48: The definition of law as a rule laid down for the guidance of an intelligent  being by an intelligent being having power over him is credited to _________

Answer: John Austin


MCQ49: The word sociology is a hybrid one coined  by the acclaimed father of sociology called_____________  

Answer: Auguste Comte


MCQ50: The etymological meaning of sociology is derived from two words of Latin and Greek roots – Socius and _______________

Answer: Logus 


MCQ1: According to functionalists, society is a self-contained system made of interconnected and _______________ parts

Answer: interrelated


MCQ2: ___________ theories proceed from the assumption that consensus  exists in society

Answer: Consensus


MCQ3: In sociology, the two dominant views of law are the consensus/functionalist and the ______________ perspectives.

Answer: Conflict


MCQ4:  Generally, the sociology of law is concerned with the nature of law, its sources and _____________

Answer: Functions


MCQ5: Sociology as an academic course of study emerged in the ____________ century

Answer: Mid-twentieth


MCQ6: In any successful military coup in Nigeria the first casualty is the ___________ which is immediately suspended 

Answer: Constitution


MCQ7: The military struck on 15th January ____________ in a coup d’état 

Answer: 1966


MCQ8: The 1960 independence constitution of Nigeria marked the beginning of-------------- rule

Answer: Civil 


MCQ9: In colonial Nigeria the major sources of procedural laws were the ___________ for criminal procedure

Answer: Criminal Procedure Act


MCQ10: During the colonial period, the major source of law was the ------------ English law 

Answer: received


MCQ11: The Northern and Southern Protectorates of Nigeria were amalgamated ------------------ into one political unit called Nigeria  

Answer: 1914


MCQ12: In  1861 King Dosunmu of Lagos signed a document called the __________ thereby formally ceding Lagos to the British 

Answer: Treaty of Cession


MCQ13: The personnel of the Shariah legal system in the North were learned ______scholars 

Answer: Islamic


MCQ14:  In  pre-colonial Nigeria, the basic source of law in the Islamic part of the North was the Holy________

Answer: Koran(Qur’an)


MCQ15: British colonial adventure began in Nigeria in _________

Answer: 1861


MCQ16:  The first and most seminal definition of law was given by __________ in 1915  

Answer: A.V. Dicey


MCQ17: The assertion , “your right to swing your fist ends where my nose begins” was made popular by ______________

Answer: Lord Dennings


MCQ18: If everyone is allowed to do anything in the name of freedom, society may slide into the _________ state of nature where life is short, nasty and brutish. 

Answer: Hobessian


MCQ19: ______________ freedom is liberty to do what one wants to do within the limits imposed by law

Answer: legal


MCQ20: The ability to do what one wishes to do without restraint is called ____________ 

Answer: Freedom


MCQ21: The requirements that one must hear the other side in a dispute and must not be a judge in his own case are fundamental principles of ________ justice

Answer: Natural 


MCQ22: The element of force is absent in ___________ law

Answer: International


MCQ23: The idea that the state or the government is a product of an agreement between the governor and the governed best qualifies the _________ contract idea

Answer: Social 


MCQ24: The force that is associated with law is that which is characterized by legitimacy and ____________ 

Answer: Authority


MCQ25:  Dishonesty, living in sin, etc, are examples of ________________

Answer: immorality


MCQ26: The notion of what is right or wrong is known as ____________

Answer: Morality 


MCQ27: The most dominant figure in the gafting of the sociological school is ___________

Answer: Roscoe Pound


MCQ28: The argument that law is not unique but only one method of social control is credited to the ____________school of jurisprudence

Answer: Sociological


MCQ29: _________________ is the founding father of the historical school of jurisprudence

Answer: Frederich Savigny


MCQ30: The assertion that law is not just an abstract set of rules but an integral part of society ws espoused by the ______________ school of jurisprudence

Answer: Historical


MCQ31: According to Jeremy Bentham, a critical understanding of law that investigation s are carried into _____________ areas of law

Answer: Eight


MCQ32: The school of jurisprudence which asserts that natural law was unscientific, and dominated by untested and untestable philosophical speculation is the ______________________ school.

Answer: Positivist


MCQ33: The postulation that what is natural is that which is common to all mankind  was made by _____________ 

Answer: Aristotle


MCQ34: The major postulation of natural law theorists is that the good society is one in which laws____________ are harmonized with natural laws. 

Answer: Man-made


MCQ35: In law, man-made laws are called ___________ laws

Answer: Positive


MCQ36: Another name for natural laws is ______________________

Answer: Higher or divine laws


MCQ37: Marxist theorist argue that the manner of ownership of production divides society into two antagonistic classes called the capitalists and the _______________ 

Answer: Working class


MCQ38: Another argument about law that what is needed in society is not law but education is credited to _________________

Answer: Plato


MCQ39: The title of Hobbes’s book published in 1961 is ______________

Answer: The Leviathan


MCQ40: According to ____________________ society without law is a very  inevitable recipe for disaster

Answer: Thomas Hobbes


MCQ41: The assertion that man by nature is evil and the law is needed to keep his evil inclination in check was made by the _______________school of philosophy in China

Answer: “Legist”


MCQ42: Law performs ______________ functions

Answer: Six 


MCQ43: ___________ laws prescribe procedures that must be followed in prosecuting offenders through the criminal justice system

Answer: Procedural


MCQ44: The staff strength of OSL company is 

Answer: 3000 guards


MCQ45: The law governing conduct which is not punishable by the state is known as __________________ law

Answer: Civil 


MCQ46: In law, those aspects of law dealing with offences that are punishable by the state fall under _____________ law

Answer: criminal


MCQ47: Law is classified into three major divisions: criminal and civil law; public and private law and ____________ and ______________

Answer: Substantive/procedural


MCQ48: The definition of law as a rule laid down for the guidance of an intelligent  being by an intelligent being having power over him is credited to _________

Answer: John Austin


MCQ49: The word sociology is a hybrid one coined  by the acclaimed father of sociology called_____________  

Answer: Auguste Comte


MCQ50: The etymological meaning of sociology is derived from two words of Latin and Greek roots – Socius and _______________

Answer: Logus 


FBQ1: The etymological meaning of sociology as the study of society is derived from two words of Latin and Greek origins – Socius and _______________

Answer: Logus


FBQ2: Sociology is a hybrid word coined by the father of sociology, ---------------

Answer: Auguste Comte


FBQ3: The definition of law as a rule laid down for the guidance of an intelligent being by an intelligent being having power over him is credited to _________ 

Answer: John Austin


FBQ4: Law is classified into three major divisions: criminal and civil law, public and private law and Substantive and _________ law

Answer: procedural


FBQ5: In law, those aspects of law dealing with offences or crimes that are punishable by the state fall under ___________ law.

Answer: criminal


FBQ6: The law governing conduct which is not punishable by the state is known as _______ law

Answer: civil


FBQ7: ________________ law refers to the bodies of law which define offences and prescribes penalties for violation

Answer: Substantive


FBQ8: ___________ laws prescribe procedures that must be followed in prosecuting offenders and other persons through the justice system

Answer: Procedural


FBQ9: Law performs _____ major functions

Answer: Six


FBQ10: The argument that man is by nature evil and the law is needed to keep his evil inclination in check is traceable to the _______ school of philosophy in China

Answer: Legist


FBQ11: According to _________ society without law is a veritable recipe for disaster 

Answer: Thomas Hobbes


FBQ12: The view was contained in Hobbes book the _________ published in 1961 

Answer: Leviathan


FBQ13: The other aspect of the argument that what is needed in society is not law but education is credited to__________

Answer: Plato


FBQ14: Marxist theorists argue that the manner of ownership of the means of production divides society into two antagonistic classes called the the capitalist (bourgeois) and the ________

Answer: Working class


FBQ15: Another name for natural law is ________________

Answer: Higher law


FBQ16: In law, man-made laws are called ____________

Answer: Positive laws


FBQ17: The major postulation of natural law theorists is that the good society is one in which _____________ laws are harmonized with natural 

Answer: Man-made


FBQ18: The assertion that what is natural is that which is common to all mankind  was coined by____________ 

Answer: Aristotle


FBQ19: The school of jurisprudence which argued that natural law was unscientific and dominated by untested and untestable  philosophical speculations is known as the ____________________ school

Answer: Positivist school


FBQ20: For Jeremy Bentham, a critical understanding of law requires that investigations are carried into ______________ areas of law.

Answer: eight


FBQ21: The argument that law is not just an abstract set of rules but an integral part of society is espoused by the _________ school of jurisprudence.

Answer: historical


FBQ22: ____________________ is the founding father of  the historical school of jurisprudence.

Answer: Frederich Savigny


FBQ23: The argument that law is not unique but only one method of social control among others is linked to ____________school of jurisprudence

Answer: Sociological


FBQ24: The most dominant figure in the grafting of the sociological school is the American legal philosopher and law teacher  called________________

Answer: Roscoe Pound


FBQ25: The notion of  what is right or wrong is called --------------

Answer: Morality


FBQ26: Dishonesty, living in sin, etc, are examples of __________________ 

Answer: Immorality


FBQ27: The force that is associated with law is characterized by legitimacy and __________

Answer: Authority


FBQ28: The idea that the state or the government is a product of an agreement between the governor and the governed best describes ___________ contract idea.

Answer: Social


FBQ29: The element of force is absent in _____________ law

Answer: International


FBQ30: The requirements that one must hear the other side in a dispute and must not be a judge in his own case are fundamental principles in _______________ justice

Answer: natural


FBQ31: The ability to what one wishes to do without restraint is called_______________

Answer: freedom


FBQ32: ________________________ freedom is liberty to  what one wants to do within the limits of the law imposed by law.

Answer: Legal


FBQ33: If everyone is allowed to do anything in the name of freedom, society may degenerate into the ___________ state of nature where everyone is at war with everyone.

Answer: Hobessian


FBQ34: The assertion, “your right to swing your fist ends where my nose begins” was made by the English law Lord_____________________

Answer: Lord Dennings


FBQ35: The first and most seminal definition of rule of law was propounded  by ________________ 1915.

Answer: A.V. Dicey


FBQ36: British colonial rule began in Nigeria in __________________

Answer: 1861


FBQ37: In pre-colonial Nigeria, the basic source of law in the  Islamic part of the north was the Holy ________________ 

Answer: Koran


FBQ38: The personnel of the Shariah legal system in the north were learned _______________scholars

Answer: Islamic


FBQ39: In 1861, King Dosunmu of Lagos signed a document called the __________ thereby formally ceding Lagos to the British.

Answer: Treaty of Cession


FBQ40: The Northern and Southern Protectorates of Nigeria were amalgamated in ___________ into one political unit called Nigeria

Answer: 1914


FBQ41: The major source  of law during the colonial period was  the ___________ English law

Answer: received


FBQ42: The major sources of procedural laws in the colonial era were the _________________ for criminal procedure.

Answer: Criminal Procedure Act


FBQ43: The 1960 independence constitution of Nigeria marked the beginning  of _____________ rule  

Answer: self


FBQ44: On the 15th of January ____________ the military struck in a coup d’état

Answer: 1966


FBQ45: One of the first casualties of a any successful military coup in Nigeria is the _________________ which is often suspended.

Answer: constitution


FBQ46: As an academic course of study, the emergence of law is put at __________________ century

Answer: Mid-twentieth


FBQ47: The sociology of law is concerned with the nature of law, its sources and ________________

Answer: functions


FBQ48: The two dominant views of law in sociology are the consensus /functionalist and __________________ perspectives

Answer: Conflict


FBQ49: ________________ theories proceed from a fundamental assumption that consensus exists in society

Answer: Consensus


FBQ50: To functionalists, society is a self-contained system made up fo interconnected and ____________

Answer: Interrelated


CSS132

MCQ1: 'Ethnography', refers simply to a ________________________________ of human societies, usually of those simpler, small-scale societies which anthropologists have mostly studied.

Answer: descriptive account


MCQ2: Ethnography may be said to be the _____________.used by social anthropologists in the study of "man, his culture, and environment".

Answer: raw material


MCQ3: _______________ argued that the first-hand accounts of the culture and social life of human communities, from whatever point of view theyare regarded, are what we call Ethnography

Answer: John Beattie 


MCQ 4: On the other hand, Ethnography can be said to refer to the process of collecting data by ___________________________. 

Answer: direct enquiries and observations


MCQ 5: Ethnography is regarded as raw material of _________________.

Answer: social anthropology


MCQ 6: _______________ is about the study of "mankind" 

Answer: Anthropology


MCQ 7: The two sub-disciplines that Anthropology can be classified are ________________ and ______________________ 

Answer: Physical Anthropology and Physical Anthropology


MCQ8: __________________ studies human fossils, evolution and variation

Answer: Physical Anthropology 


MCQ 9: ________________________ the study of human social life - the origin, history, dynamics of society and its cultures

Answer: Social and Cultural Anthropology


MCQ 10: Anthropology is a branch of _____________, in the sense that its subject matter is centrally a study of relationship between different kinds of peoples.

Answer: Sociology


MCQ 11: ___________________ is a designated blanket term for all theanthropological studies.

Answer: Ethnology


MCQ13: Ethnologists are interested primarily in the past history of peoples or communities  ___________________ 

Answer: without written records 


MCQ14: ethnologists classify people in terms of _________________________.

Answer: cultural characteristics


MCQ15: Ethnology in its own right, refers to the ____________________of past andcontemporary cultures

Answer: comparative studies


MCQ16: The history of collection of.__________________. started with the Europeanvoyages of discovery and exploration in the 15th century B.C

Answer: 'items of culture'


MCQ17: The history of collection all started with the documentation of cultural observation by ________________________________ (484-45 B.C).

Answer: Herodotus


MCQ 18: Another person who made contribution to ______________________was Marco Polo (1254-1324),

Answer: ethnographic documentation


MCQ19: The 16th century AD in Europe saw the beginning of interest by Europeans in ___________

Answer: foreign peoples and their exotic cultures


MCQ 20: Philosophers such as __________________ and __________________ used the ethnographic accounts from the voyagers to compare human societies all over the world.

Answer: John Locke and Thomas Hobbes


MCQ 21: By 1930, ethnographic ________________had become an established activity

Answer: fieldwork


MCQ22: The study of Anthropology as a sociological discipline started in Nigeria in the __________________

Answer: 1950s


MCQ23: Anthropology started particularly at ________________________________and ____________________________

Answer: the University of Ibadan and University of Nigeria, Nsukka. 


MCQ24: After the _________________of Nigeria in 1914, it was a policy of the British colonial office in London to appoint an anthropologist as colonial officer.

Answer: amalgamation


MCQ25: Nigeria's multi-pluralism promotes the _________________ of ethnocentrism.

Answer: dysfunctional tendency


MCQ26: The belief that one’s own culture is the only true and good one, as wellas the tendency to judge other cultures by ones cultural standards is called __________________ 

Answer: ethnocentrism 


MCQ27: For some reasons, many anthropologists in Africa dropped the use of tribe substituting it with._______________________.

Answer: ethnic group 


MCQ28: The term tribe is ___________________ to the extent that it was used to describe societies in the colonised region

Answer: pejorative 


MCQ29: ________is the term used in Socio-Cultural Anthropology to describe human social organisation based on small groupings, defined by traditions of common descent

Answer: Tribe


MCQ30: There are four ways by which one can use to identify an______________

Answer: ethnic group


MCQ31: The first way is ______________ 

Answer: culture


MCQ32: The second way is ______________.

Answer: language 


MCQ33: The third way is ______________________ _.

Answer: common tradition


MCQ34: The fourth way is _____________________ 

Answer: political organisation and territory


MCQ35: One of the major factors that distinguish ethnic groups from one another is this ________________, expressed in myth of common origin and kinship blood ties

Answer: cultural symbolism 


Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) 34: ______________ is a concept which describes an ethnic group as people sharing the same historical experience, having the same cultural, experience, speaking the same language, and sharing the same belief about the future together

Answer: Cultural Symbolism 


MCQ37: The term _________________, emanates from the concept of culture.  

Answer: culture area


MCQ38: The term _________________, emanates from the concept of culture.  

Answer: culture area


Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) 37: _____________describes what people in a society would do or say in a defined situation if they conformed totally to the ideals accepted in the culture.

Answer: Ideal pattern


MCQ39: _____________describes what people in a society would do or say in a defined situation if they conformed totally to the ideals accepted in the culture.

Answer: Ideal pattern


MCQ40: A culture consists of two _____________ 

Answer: major patterns


MCQ41: The first is _____________________________

Answer: the ideal culture 


MCQ42: The second is  __________________________.

Answer: the real culture


MCQ43: one of the widely quoted definitions of culture is the one provided by _______________

Answer: Goodenough (1957)


MCQ44: The definition states that "a society's culture consists of whatever it is one has toknow or believe, in order to operate in a manner acceptable to its members, and do so in any ________________ that they accept for anyone of themselves".

Answer: role


MCQ45: __________________meticulously examined over a hundred (100) definitions but found none wholly acceptable 

Answer: Kluckholn and Kroeber


MCQ46: A people's mode of dress, language, technology, traditions and belief system are all products of _________________.

Answer: ecological adaptation


MCQ47: This theoretical approach is generally referred to as ____________________

Answer: environmental determinism.


MCQ48: Culture is influenced and shaped by ______________________

Answer: environmental conditions.


MCQ49: It is common to listen to people referring to or calling a person a ______________

Answer: "bushman"


MCQ50: The name implies that  the person is ___________________

Answer: uncultured


FBQ1: 'Ethnography', refers simply to a ________________________________ of human societies, usually of those simpler, small-scale societies which anthropologists have mostly studied. 

Answer: descriptive account


FBQ2: Ethnography may be said to be the _____________. used by social anthropologists in the study of "man, his culture, and environment". 

Answer: raw material


FBQ3: _______________ argued that the first-hand accounts of the culture and social life of human communities, from whatever point of view theyare regarded, are what we call Ethnography

Answer: John Beattie


FBQ4: On the other hand, Ethnography can be said to refer to the process of collecting data by direct enquiries and ……………

Answer: observations


FBQ5: Ethnography is regarded as raw material of _________________.

Answer: social anthropology


FBQ6: _______________ is about the study of "mankind" 

Answer: Anthropology


FBQ7: The two subdisciplines that Anthropology can be classified are Physical Anthropology and ______________________ Anthropology

Answer: social


FBQ8: __________________ studies human fossils, evolution and variation

Answer: Physical Anthropology


FBQ9:  …………… and Cultural Anthropology the study of human social life - the origin, history, dynamics of society and its cultures

Answer: Social


FBQ10: Anthropology is a branch of _____________, in the sense that its subject matter is centrally a study of relationship between different kinds of peoples.

Answer: Sociology


FBQ11: ___________________ is a designated blanket term for all theanthropological studies.

Answer: Ethnology


Fill in the Blank (FBQs) 11: The distinction between  Ethnography and Ethnology is similar to that existing between Geography and __________________

Answer: Geology


FBQ13: Ethnologists are interested primarily in the past history of peoples or communities without  ___________________ 

Answer: written records


FBQ14: ethnologists classify people in terms of _________________________ characteristics

Answer: cultural


FBQ15: Ethnology in its own right, refers to the ____________________of past andcontemporary cultures

Answer: comparative studies


FBQ16: The history of collection of.__________________. started with the Europeanvoyages of discovery and exploration in the 15th century B.C

Answer: items of culture


FBQ17: The history of collection all started with the documentation of cultural observation by ________________________________ (484-45 B.C).

Answer: Herodotus


FBQ18: Another person who made contribution to ______________________was Marco Polo (1254-1324),

Answer: ethnographic documentation


FBQ19: The 16th century AD in Europe saw the beginning of interest by Europeans in foreign peoples and their exotic cultures.TRUE OR FALSE

Answer: TRUE


FBQ20: Philosophers such as John Locke and __________________ used the ethnographic accounts from the voyagers to compare human societies all over the world.

Answer: Thomas Hobbes


FBQ21: By 1930, ethnographic ________________had become an established activity

Answer: fieldwork


FBQ22: The study of Anthropology as a sociological discipline started in Nigeria in the __________________

Answer: 1950s


FBQ23: Anthropology started particularly at the University of Ibadan and and ____________________________

Answer: University of Nigeria, Nsukka


FBQ24: After the _________________of Nigeria in 1914, it was a policy of the British colonial office in London to appoint an anthropologist as colonial officer.

Answer: amalgamation


FBQ25: Nigeria's multi-pluralism promotes the _________________ of ethnocentrism.

Answer: dysfunctional tendency


FBQ26: The belief that one’s own culture is the only true and good one, as wellas the tendency to judge other cultures by ones cultural standards is called __________________ 

Answer: ethnocentrism


FBQ27: For some reasons, many anthropologists in Africa dropped the use of tribe substituting it with._______________________.

Answer: ethnic group


FBQ28: The term tribe is ___________________ to the extent that it was used to describe societies in the colonised region

Answer: pejorative


FBQ29: ________is the term used in Socio-Cultural Anthropology to describe human social organisation based on small groupings, defined by traditions of common descent

Answer: Tribe


FBQ30: There are four ways by which one can use to identify an______________ 

Answer: ethnic group


FBQ31: The first way is ______________ 

Answer: culture  


FBQ32: The second way is ______________.

Answer: language


FBQ33: The third way is ______________________ _.

Answer: common tradition


FBQ34: The fourth way is political organisation and _____________________ 

Answer: territory


FBQ35: One of the major factors that distinguish ethnic groups from one another is this ________________, expressed in myth of common origin and kinship blood ties

Answer: cultural symbolism


Fill in the Blank (FBQs) 35: ______________ is a concept which describes an ethnic group as people sharing the same historical experience, having the same cultural, experience, speaking the same language, and sharing the same belief about the future together

Answer: Cultural Symbolism


FBQ37: The term _________________, emanates from the concept of culture.  

Answer: culture area


FBQ38: This concept simply denotes a _________________occupied by ethnic/tribal groups or peoples whose life styles exhibit a significant degree of similarity with others, as well as a significant degree of dissimilarity with the cultures of others.

Answer: geographical area


FBQ39: _____________describes what people in a society would do or say in a defined situation if they conformed totally to the ideals accepted in the culture.

Answer: Ideal pattern


FBQ40: A culture consists of two _____________ 

Answer: major patterns


FBQ41: The first culture pattern is the _____________________________

Answer: ideal culture


FBQ42: The second culture pattern is the   __________________________.

Answer: real culture


FBQ43: one of the widely quoted definitions of culture is the one provided by _______________

Answer: Goodenough (1957)


FBQ44: The definition states that "a society's culture consists of whatever it is one has toknow or believe, in order to operate in a manner acceptable to its members, and do so in any ________________ that they accept for anyone of themselves".

Answer: role


FBQ45: __________________meticulously examined over a hundred (100) definitions but found none wholly acceptable 

Answer: Kluckholn and Kroeber


FBQ46: A people's mode of dress, language, technology, traditions and belief system are all products of _________________.

Answer: ecological adaptation


FBQ47: This theoretical approach is generally referred to as ____________________

Answer: environmental determinism


FBQ48: Culture is influenced and shaped by ______________________

Answer: environmental conditions


FBQ49: It is common to listen to people referring to an uncultured person as a ______________

Answer: bushman


FBQ50: The name ‘bushman’ implies that a person is ___________________

Answer: Uncultured


CSS134

MCQ1: ________________may he defined as the studs of crime, its causes, how it is explained in a scientific way and how people react to it. 

Answer: Criminology


MCQ2: ____________is  "an offence for which one may be punished by law”. 

Answer: crime


MCQ3: _______________is freedom or protection from danger or worry, thus, anything which threatens the peace, law and order of a country, is threatening its security.

Answer: Security 


MCQ4: Anything that threatens the _______ or _______ of an individual threatens security. 

Answer: life or well-being


MCQ5: The crime of the people who attack and rob ships at sea is __________ MCQ6: __________is the safety of a country which occupies an area of the earth's surface, 

Answer: National Security


MCQ7: __________is the adequacy of food supplies for a country, a state, a city, etc 

Answer: Food security


MCQ8: ___________is "the scientific study of the earth's surface, physical features, divisions, climate, products, population, etc."

Answer: Geography  


MCQ9: ______________is located in West Africa, roughly between Latitude 4°N and14°N and Longitudes 4°E and I5°E. 

Answer: Nigeria


MCQ10: The country's most southerly point is near Brass in the Niger Delta, which is roughly north of the______________

Answer: Equator


MCQ11: The country's ____________ boundary is approximately at 14°N. 

Answer: northern


MCQ12: Nigeria’s _____________boundary runs roughly along Longitudes 3°E.  

Answer: westerly 


MCQ13: Nigeria’s easterly boundary runs from a point to the south west of the ___________ of the Cross River to northwards almost to Longitude 15°E, South of Lake Chad 

Answer: estuary 


MCQ14: Nigeria has a total land area of ______________square kilometres. 

Answer: 923,768


MCQ15: By land area, Nigeria is four times the area of _______________ 

Answer: Ghana


MCQ16: By land area, Nigeria is about ____________________the area of Sierra Leone.. 

Answer: thirteen times


MCQ17: By land area, Nigeria  is four times the area of the _______________ 

Answer: United Kingdom


MCQ18: Nigeria covers about ________________of the productive area of West Africa 

Answer: one seventh 


MCQ19: Nigeria has about _________kilometres of land boundaries to monitor and defend. 

Answer: 2,790


MCQ20: The Nigerian Customs Service has the responsibility of combating _____________ and _________________in goods across Nigeria's borders. 

Answer: smuggling and illegal trafficking


MCQ21: The responsibility of defending Nigeria's _________is the duty of the Nigerian Army

Answer: land borders


MCQ22: Nigeria has a coastline of about _______________kilometres.

Answer: 860


MCQ23: Before May 1967 Nigeria consisted of four _____________. 

Answer: regions


MCQ24: In May 1967, the country was split into _________________. 

Answer: twelve States


MCQ25: In 1976 Nigeria was further broken down into ______________and ____________.

Answer: nineteen States and a new Federal Capital Territory 


MCQ26: Today, there are. ___________________ and _____________________in Nigeria 

Answer: thirty-six plus the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) 


MCQ27: Today, Nigeria has __________________ Local Government Areas. 

Answer: seven hundred and seventy four 


MCQ28: For the fact that Maiduguri is located on land which is very flat, we say thatMaiduguri is located on a _____________. 

Answer: flat plain


MCQ29: Although there are many potential dam sites around plateau edges, the two that have been developed are ________________ and _________________ 

Answer: Kwol and Kurro Falls


MCQ30: The climate of an area is the average ______________conditions in that area..

Answer: weather


MCQ31: ______________conditions are the conditions of the atmosphere at a particularpoint in time. 

Answer: Weather


MCQ32: These conditions include sunshine, temperature, humidity, air masses, atmospheric pressure, winds and ______________.

Answer: rainfall


MCQ33: One of the most salient features of the climate of Nigeria is that the year is divided into __________

Answer: Two main seasons


MCQ34: These two are seasons are ___________________ and _____________________

Answer: the rainy season and dry season


MCQ35: The first season lasts from_______________ to _________________________

Answer: April to October


MCQ36: The second season lasts from .______________ to _________________ 

Answer: November to March 


MCQ37: One other important aspect of the climate of Nigeria is the occurrence of destructive ____________________characterised by heavy torrential rainfall and strong winds.

Answer: thunderstorms


MCQ38: The two main types of vegetation in Nigeria are_____________ and ___________.

Answer: forest and savannah


MCQ39: _________is a type of vegetation which is dominated by woody plants called trees. 

Answer: Forest


MCQ40: _____________is a type of vegetation in which the ground is covered by grasses among which there may be some trees.  

Answer: Savannah


MCQ41: Such trees may grow close together, forming a _____________ 

Answer: woodland


MCQ42: They may be far apart, forming a __________________________.

Answer: parkland


MCQ43: In Nigeria, these two types of vegetation occur as ________________.

Answer: east-west belts.


MCQ44: The ____________, covering about 20% of the country is to be found in the wetter south, extending inland from the coast. 

Answer: forest belt


MCQ45: The mean annual rainfall is over _____________  

Answer: 1300mm


MCQ46: The rainy season is at least ______________ long. 

Answer: eight months


MCQ47: The __________________ covers the rest of the country where the mean annualrainfall is less than 1300inm and the rainy season is less than eight months long 

Answer: . Savannah belt


MCQ48: _______________is a type of vegetation that covers a zone which is about thirty to fifty kilometres wide along the coast.

Answer: Mangrove Forest


MCQ49: _____________has a swamp whose water is fresh from which fresh water plants are to be found e.g. raffia palm

Answer: Fresh Water Swamp Forest


MCQ50: _____________is a vegetation whose zone extends across the country from the Benin border to the Oban Hills. It has  - Except in the area of the Niger valley where it is High temperatures, high rainfall and a long rainy season, combine to favour plant growth throughout the year.

Answer: Tropical Rain Forest


FBQ1: ________________may he defined as the studs of crime, its causes, how it is explained in a scientific way and how people react to it. 

Answer: Criminology


FBQ2: ____________is  "an offence for which one may be punished by law”. 

Answer: Crime


FBQ3: _______________is freedom or protection from danger or worry,, thus, anything which threatens the peace, law and order of a country, is threatening its security.

Answer: Security


FBQ4: Anything that threatens the _______ or _______ of an individual threatens security. 

Answer: life or well-being


FBQ5: The crime of the people who attack and rob ships at sea is __________ 

Answer: Piracy


FBQ6: __________is the safety of a country which occupies an area of the earth's surface, 

Answer: National Security


FBQ7: __________is the adequacy of food supplies for a country, a state, a city, etc 

Answer: Food security


FBQ8: ___________is "the scientific study of the earth's surface, physical features, divisions, climate, products, population, etc."

Answer: Geography


FBQ9: ______________is located in West Africa, roughly between Latitude 4°N and 14°N and Longitudes 4°E and I5°E. 

Answer: Nigeria


FBQ10: The country's most southerly point is near Brass in the Niger Delta, which is roughly north of the______________

Answer: Equator


FBQ11: The country's ____________ boundary is approximately at 14°N. 

Answer: Northern


FBQ12: Nigeria’s _____________boundary runs roughly along Longitudes 3°E.  

Answer: Westerly


FBQ13: Nigeria’s easterly boundary runs from a point to the south west of the ___________ of the Cross River to northwards almost to Longitude 15°E, South of Lake Chad 

Answer: Estuary


FBQ14: Nigeria has a total land area of ______________square kilometres. 

Answer: 923,768


FBQ15: By land area, Nigeria is four times the area of _______________ 

Answer: Ghana


FBQ16: By land area, Nigeria is about ____________________the area of Sierra Leone.. 

Answer: thirteen times


FBQ17: By land area, Nigeria  is four times the area of the _______________ 

Answer: United Kingdom


FBQ18: Nigeria covers about ________________of the productive area of West Africa 

Answer: one seventh


FBQ19: Nigeria has about _________kilometres of land boundaries to monitor and defend.

Answer: 2,790


FBQ20: The Nigerian Customs Service has the responsibility of combating smuggling and _________________in goods across Nigeria's borders. 

Answer: illegal trafficking


FBQ21: The responsibility of defending Nigeria's _________is the duty of the Nigerian Army

Answer: land borders


FBQ22: Nigeria has a coastline of about _______________kilometres.

Answer: 860


FBQ23: Before May 1967 Nigeria consisted of four _____________. 

Answer: Regions


FBQ24: In May 1967, the country was split into _________________. 

Answer: twelve States


FBQ25: In 1976 Nigeria was further broken down into nineteen States and ____________.

Answer: a new Federal Capital Territory


FBQ26: Today, there are. thirty-six and _____________________in Nigeria 

Answer: the Federal Capital Territory (FCT)


FBQ27: Today, Nigeria has __________________ Local Government Areas. 

Answer: seven hundred and seventy four


FBQ28: For the fact that Maiduguri is located on land which is very flat, we say thatMaiduguri is located on a _____________. 

Answer: flat plain


FBQ29: Although there are many potential dam sites around plateau edges, the two that have been developed are ________________ and _________________ 

Answer: Kwol and Kurro Falls


FBQ30: The climate of an area is the average ______________conditions in that area.

Answer: Weather


FBQ31: ______________conditions are the conditions of the atmosphere at a particularpoint in time. 

Answer: Weather


FBQ32: These conditions include sunshine, temperature, humidity, air masses, atmospheric pressure, winds and ______________.

Answer: Rainfall


FBQ33: One of the most salient features of the climate of Nigeria is that the year is divided into __________

Answer: Two main seasons


FBQ34: These two are seasons are ___________________ and _____________________

Answer: the rainy season and dry season


FBQ35: The first season lasts from ________________ to _________________________ 

Answer: April to October


FBQ36: The second season lasts from .______________ to _________________ 

Answer: November to March


FBQ37: One other important aspect of the climate of Nigeria is the occurrence of destructive ____________________characterised by heavy torrential rainfall and strong winds.

Answer: Thunderstorms


FBQ38: The two main types of vegetation in Nigeria are_____________ and ___________.

Answer: forest and savannah


FBQ39: _________is a type of vegetation which is dominated by woody plants called trees. 

Answer: Forest


FBQ40: _____________is a type of vegetation in which the ground is covered by grasses among which there may be some trees.  

Answer: Savannah


FBQ41: Such trees may grow close together, forming a _____________ 

Answer: Woodland


FBQ42: They may be far apart, forming a  __________________________.

Answer: Parkland


FBQ43: In Nigeria, these two types of vegetation occur as ________________ .

Answer: east-west belts


FBQ44: The ____________, covering about 20% of the country is to be found in the wetter south, extending inland from the coast. 

Answer: forest belt


FBQ45: The mean annual rainfall is over _____________  

Answer: 1300mm


FBQ46: The rainy season is at least ______________ long.  

Answer: eight months


FBQ47: The __________________ covers the rest of the country where the mean annual rainfall is less than 1300inm and the rainy season is less than eight months long 

Answer: Savannah belt


FBQ48: _______________is a type of vegetation that covers a zone which is about thirty to fifty kilometres wide along the coast.

Answer: Mangrove Forest


FBQ49: _____________has a swamp whose water is fresh from which fresh water plants are to be found e.g. raffia palm

Answer: Fresh Water Swamp Forest


FBQ50: _____________is a vegetation whose zone extends across the country from the Benin border to the Oban Hills. It has  - Except in the area of the Niger valley where it is High temperatures, high rainfall and a long rainy season, combine to favour plant growth throughout the year.

Answer: Tropical Rain Forest


POL126

FBQ1: A human population occupying a defined territory and having government and sovereignty is referred to as ___________

Answer: State


FBQ2: The main thrust of the __________theory of the state is that  the leaders are ordained by God

Answer: Divine


FBQ3: _______ conceived the state as a “product and manifestation” of irreconcilable class antagonisms in society.

Answer: Karl Marx


FBQ4: The agreement between the citizens and their state for obedience to the law of the state and the protection of life and property of the citizens is called ______

Answer: Social contract theory


FBQ5: The Nigerian state was established in the year ______ 

Answer: 1914


FBQ6: The gamut of social organisations which interact within the state’s boundaries as well as with the state is referred to as _______

Answer: Society


FBQ7: The legal constraint on the citizens to obey the laws of the state is known as political ______

Answer: Obligation


FBQ8: A deliberate resistance against government policies and actions is called ______

Answer: Civil disobedience


FBQ9: The primary imperative of the state is the maintenance of public peace and _________

Answer: Order


FBQ10: All persons whom a state is obligated to protect is conceived by international law as ____

Answer: Citizen


FBQ11: The non – constraining of one’s action is otherwise known as ______

Answer: Liberty


FBQ12: Allegiance is one of the fundamental duties and responsibilities expected from _____

Answer: Citizenship


FBQ13: The institution of governance saddled with the responsibility of law making is known as the ____

Answer: Legislature


FBQ14: The last arbiter for the resolution of disputes between the state and citizens, and between different tiers of government is the  ______

Answer: Judiciary


FBQ15: The link between the executive and society in the implementation of public policies and programmes is called  the _____

Answer: Civil Society


FBQ16: The ___________ apparatus responsible for public security in Nigeria is referred to as the security apparatus 

Answer: Coercive


FBQ17: The political institution responsible for the aggregation and articulation of the interests of the citizens is ________

Answer: Political parties


FBQ18: The distribution of fiscal powers amongst the constituent parts of a political system is known as _______

Answer: Revenue Allocation


FBQ19: The love of one’s country and willingness to defend it is called ________

Answer: Patriotism


FBQ20: _________ is mostly associated with the amalgamation of Northern and Southern Protectorates into the present Nigerian state.

Answer: Sir Frederick Lugard


FBQ21: The absolute and perpetual power of the state over all person, throughout its territory is known as ____________

Answer: Sovereignty


FBQ22: The theory that traces the origin of the state through the eldest male parent is called _________

Answer: Patriarchal theory


FBQ23: The three major ethnic groups in Nigeria are _____, Igbo and Yoruba

Answer: Hausa


FBQ24: Nigeria became a sovereign state in the year ________

Answer: 1960


FBQ25: The first military coup d’etat in Nigeria was led by _____

Answer: Chukwuma Kaduna Nzeogu


FBQ26: The duties that require individual members of a state to refrain from performing bad acts is known as ______ 

Answer: Negative duties


FBQ27: The quality attributable to human action by reason of its conformity or lack of conformity to standards or rules according to which it should be regulated is called ________

Answer: Morality


FBQ28: The secondary imperatives of the state is concerned with ________

Answer: Socio – economic development


FBQ29: The principles of natural _______  implies that citizen’s political rights should be respected and treated as sacred and sacrosanct.

Answer: Justice


FBQ30: Non – violence is one of the salient features of _________

Answer: Civil disobedience


FBQ31: The absence of restraint or certain impediments imposed by others to the exercise of certain interests is known as ___________

Answer: Freedom


FBQ32: The citizenship acquired because parents or any of the grandparents belongs to a community indigenous to Nigeria is by ___________ 

Answer: Birth


FBQ33: A citizen is entitled to Equal access to _______

Answer: Rights


FBQ34: The presumed rights of states in Nigeria to reserve their public services exclusively for their indigenes is called _____

Answer: Statism


FBQ35: Citizens who are not members or natives of a community in Nigeria is referred to as ______

Answer: Non – indigenes


FBQ36: _____________means love for one’s country?

Answer: Patriotism


FBQ37: The distribution of fiscal powers between the central and state governments is known as_______? 

Answer: Revenue Allocation


FBQ38: According to the United Nations Organisations, when a constituted government in a state no longer performs the core functions required of its people, it is referred to as_____________

Answer: Failed State


FBQ39: The capacity of a state to control all the human and material resources within, under and above its territory is known as________

Answer: Sovereignty


FBQ40: The service delivery scheme in Nigeria is known as___________?

Answer: SERVICOM


FBQ41: A government of laws is by definition___________?

Answer: A limited government


FBQ42: A set of rules, conventions and norms ruling the government process is called___________? 

Answer: Regime


FBQ43: ___________refers to the protection against interference, torture, kidnapping and arbitrary imprisonment, etc.

Answer: Personal rights


FBQ44: The famous Indian, _________ is known as a non–violent political theorists

Answer: Gandhi


FBQ45: The concept that assumes that nothing is desired for its own sake except pleasure is called_______________

Answer: Utilitarianism


FBQ46: The form of relationship between a citizen and the state in which the citizen owes loyalty and commitment to the state is known as___________?

Answer: Allegiance


FBQ47: A social contract valid for all in a political system basedon the set of rights and obligations which all are entitled to within a given state is called_____? 

Answer: Citizenship


FBQ48: The legal constraint on the citizen to obey the laws of the state is referred to as___________?

Answer: Political Obligation


FBQ49: An important independent institution which contributes to the effectiveness and stability of the democratic government is called_______

Answer: Civil Organisation


FBQ50: _____________of a citizen is evidenced in the adherence to customs and traditions that have definite symbolic value that greatly strengthen national unity and pride.

Answer: Patriotism


MCQ1: _______ is not a feature of the state

Answer: Democracy


MCQ2: The exponents of the social contract theory of the state excludes

Answer: Karl Marx


MCQ3: All except ________ are theories of the origin of the state

Answer: The Power theory


MCQ4: The implications of Rousseau’s social contract theory include all but one of the following   

Answer: Man is selfish by nature


MCQ5: _____ is not among the major defects of the social contract theory 

Answer: It serves as a reminder of the human responses which the state can serve


MCQ6: One of the following is not among the elements of Marxist theory of the state

Answer: The state is neutral


MCQ7: The amalgamation of Nigerian took place under Lord Lugard in ________

Answer: 1914


MCQ8: The political culture of democracy is reflected in all the below except _______

Answer: Violation of human rights


MCQ9: One of the following is not a feature of civil disobedience

Answer: Direct action


MCQ10: The absence of coercion and restraint imposed by others is referred to as

Answer: Liberty


MCQ11: All except one of the following are not a types of liberty 

Answer: Negative liberty


MCQ12: All persons whom a state is obligated to protect are called _______

Answer: Citizens


MCQ13: _______ is not among the means of acquiring citizenship

Answer: War


MCQ14: Duties and responsibilities of citizenship exclude _______ 

Answer: Crime


MCQ15: The tendency to exclude strangers from the public service of a state is called ______

Answer: Statism


MCQ16: In Nigeria, a member of the native community resident in the area of authority is known as _______

Answer: An indigene


MCQ17: The socially constructed roles, responsibilities, expectations, norms, and stereotypes accorded to men and women in relation to the question of citizenship is referred to as __________

Answer: Gendered citizenship


MCQ18: The claims which a citizen can make both on the state and the other citizens is known as _______

Answer: Rights


MCQ19: The fundamental rights of the citizen is otherwise described as ________

Answer: Inalienable right


MCQ20: _______ is not among the categories of rights 

Answer: Suicide rights


MCQ21: The assumption that nothing is desired for its own sake except pleasure is otherwise known as ________

Answer: Utilitarianism


MCQ22: A set of rules, conventions and norms ruling the governmental process is called _____

Answer: Regime


MCQ23: One of the regimes guarantee fundamental rights of citizens

Answer: Democratic political system


MCQ24: The right to command and be obeyed is called _______

Answer: Authority


MCQ25: The system of values, policies and institutions by which society manages economic political and social affairs through interactions within and among the state, civil society and private sector is called _________

Answer: Governance


MCQ26: The government performs the following functions except ________

Answer: Impediment of freedom


MCQ27: The major institutions of governance exclude _______

Answer: Press


MCQ28: The link between the executive and society in the implementation of public policies and programmes is ________

Answer: Civil service


MCQ29: _______ is not one of the security architecture responsible for public security in Nigeria

Answer: National Road Transport Workers


MCQ30: The challenges of political integration and development in Nigeria as identified by Isagwu (1985) do not include ______

Answer: The challenge of paradox


MCQ31: The problems of patriotism and loyalty in Nigeria does not include _____

Answer: Peace


MCQ32: The state of nature is mostly associated with ________

Answer: Hobbes


MCQ33: ______ is an expression of the general will 

Answer: Law


MCQ34: Every citizen of the state is entitled to _______

Answer: Rights and Duties


MCQ35: The political system in which the constituent parts are equal and coordinate is called _________

Answer: Federation


MCQ36: The series of challenges of political development identified by Isiagwu excludes_____________?

Answer: The challenge of production


MCQ37: The institutions of governance include all except____________? 

Answer: The Pressure Groups


MCQ38: _________is the link between the executive and society in the implementation of public policies and programmes.

Answer: The Civil Service


MCQ39: SERVICOM was inaugurated by the Federal Government of Nigeria in the year_________?

Answer: 2005


MCQ40: ________is not among the coercive apparatus of public security in Nigeria? 

Answer: Nigerian Labour congress


MCQ41: ________has the responsibility of aggregating and articulating the interests of the citizens?

Answer: Political Parties


MCQ42: _________does not fall into the government responsibilities?

Answer: Escalation of injustice


MCQ43: The right to command and be obeyed is known as____________?

Answer: Authority 


MCQ44: The categories of the International Bill of Human Rights exclude____________?

Answer: Diarchical political system


MCQ45: With the exception of ________ the following are among the categories of rights?

Answer: Conflict rights


MCQ46: Literature has it that the interest of the Europeans in Africa and indeed Nigeria was and still is economic.

Answer: Economic


MCQ47: The concerns which border on the ambivalence of constitutional provisions exclude_________?

Answer: Political participation


MCQ48: The duty of a citizen to pay taxes and royalties is known as_________?

Answer: Tax obligation


MCQ49: _________is not among the Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms as contained in Chapter 4 of 1999 constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

Answer: Right to kill


MCQ50: Duties that require individual members of a state to refrain from performing bad acts are called_________?

Answer: Negative duties


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